【论文推荐】最新6篇生成式对抗网络(GAN)相关论文—半监督对抗学习、行人再识别、代表性特征、高分辨率深度卷积、自监督、超分辨

2018 年 2 月 1 日 专知 专知内容组(编)

【导读】专知内容组整理了最近六篇生成式对抗网络(GAN)相关文章,为大家进行介绍,欢迎查看!

1. Classification of sparsely labeled spatio-temporal data through semi-supervised adversarial learning基于半监督对抗学习的稀疏标记时空数据分类




作者Atanas Mirchev,Seyed-Ahmad Ahmadi

摘要In recent years, Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) have emerged as a powerful method for learning the mapping from noisy latent spaces to realistic data samples in high-dimensional space. So far, the development and application of GANs have been predominantly focused on spatial data such as images. In this project, we aim at modeling of spatio-temporal sensor data instead, i.e. dynamic data over time. The main goal is to encode temporal data into a global and low-dimensional latent vector that captures the dynamics of the spatio-temporal signal. To this end, we incorporate auto-regressive RNNs, Wasserstein GAN loss, spectral norm weight constraints and a semi-supervised learning scheme into InfoGAN, a method for retrieval of meaningful latents in adversarial learning. To demonstrate the modeling capability of our method, we encode full-body skeletal human motion from a large dataset representing 60 classes of daily activities, recorded in a multi-Kinect setup. Initial results indicate competitive classification performance of the learned latent representations, compared to direct CNN/RNN inference. In future work, we plan to apply this method on a related problem in the medical domain, i.e. on recovery of meaningful latents in gait analysis of patients with vertigo and balance disorders.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月29日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/173cd44a0bcc2b6ba4e35662bed64dc0

2. Multi-pseudo Regularized Label for Generated Samples in Person Re-Identification基于多伪正则化标签生成样本的行人再识别




作者Yan Huang,Jinsong Xu,Qiang Wu,Zhedong Zheng,Zhaoxiang Zhang,Jian Zhang

摘要Sufficient training data is normally required to train deeply learned models. However, the number of pedestrian images per ID in person re-identification (re-ID) datasets is usually limited, since manually annotations are required for multiple camera views. To produce more data for training deeply learned models, generative adversarial network (GAN) can be leveraged to generate samples for person re-ID. However, the samples generated by vanilla GAN usually do not have labels. So in this paper, we propose a virtual label called Multi-pseudo Regularized Label (MpRL) and assign it to the generated images. With MpRL, the generated samples will be used as supplementary of real training data to train a deep model in a semi-supervised learning fashion. Considering data bias between generated and real samples, MpRL utilizes different contributions from predefined training classes. The contribution-based virtual labels are automatically assigned to generated samples to reduce ambiguous prediction in training. Meanwhile, MpRL only relies on predefined training classes without using extra classes. Furthermore, to reduce over-fitting, a regularized manner is applied to MpRL to regularize the learning process. To verify the effectiveness of MpRL, two state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are adopted in our experiments. Experiments demonstrate that by assigning MpRL to generated samples, we can further improve the person re-ID performance on three datasets i.e., Market-1501, DukeMTMCreID, and CUHK03. The proposed method obtains +6.29%, +6.30% and +5.58% improvements in rank-1 accuracy over a strong CNN baseline respectively, and outperforms the state-of-the- art methods.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月29日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/735fe58ab843f2fb02adb71bd0dcbbb7

3. Improved Training of Generative Adversarial Networks Using Representative Features利用代表性特征改进生成对抗网络的训练




作者Duhyeon Bang,Hyunjung Shim

摘要Despite of the success of Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) for image generation tasks, the trade-off between image diversity and visual quality are an well-known issue. Conventional techniques achieve either visual quality or image diversity; the improvement in one side is often the result of sacrificing the degradation in the other side. In this paper, we aim to achieve both simultaneously by improving the stability of training GANs. A key idea of the proposed approach is to implicitly regularizing the discriminator using a representative feature. For that, this representative feature is extracted from the data distribution, and then transferred to the discriminator for enforcing slow updates of the gradient. Consequently, the entire training process is stabilized because the learning curve of discriminator varies slowly. Based on extensive evaluation, we demonstrate that our approach improves the visual quality and diversity of state-of-the art GANs.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月28日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/6f89e2096d28f651d0de58bb66b89db9

4. High-Resolution Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks高分辨率深度卷积生成对抗网络




作者Joachim D. Curtó,Irene C. Zarza,Fernando De La Torre,Irwin King,Michael R. Lyu

摘要Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) convergence in a high-resolution setting with a computational constrain of GPU memory capacity (from 12GB to 24 GB) has been beset with difficulty due to the known lack of convergence rate stability. In order to boost network convergence of DCGAN (Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks) and achieve good-looking high-resolution results we propose a new layered network structure, HDCGAN, that incorporates current state-of-the-art techniques for this effect. A novel dataset, Curt\'o Zarza (CZ), containing human faces from different ethnical groups in a wide variety of illumination conditions and image resolutions is introduced. We conduct extensive experiments on CelebA and CZ.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月27日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/c0a9bdcf04b217c106d206f603f795db

5. Exploiting the potential of unlabeled endoscopic video data with self-supervised learning利用自监督学习探索无标签内窥镜视频数据的潜力




作者Tobias Ross,David Zimmerer,Anant Vemuri,Fabian Isensee,Sebastian Bodenstedt,Fabian Both,Philip Kessler,Martin Wagner,Beat Müller,Hannes Kenngott,Stefanie Speidel,Klaus Maier-Hein,Lena Maier-Hein

摘要Surgical data science is a new research field that aims to observe all aspects and factors of the patient treatment process in order to provide the right assistance to the right person at the right time. Due to the breakthrough successes of deep learning-based solutions for automatic image annotation, the availability of reference annotations for algorithm training is becoming a major bottleneck in the field. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the concept of self-supervised learning to address this issue. Our approach is guided by the hypothesis that unlabeled video data can be used to learn a representation of the target domain that boosts the performance of state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms when used for pre-training. Essentially, this method involves an auxiliary task that requires training with unlabeled endoscopic video data from the target domain to initialize a convolutional neural network (CNN) for the target task. In this paper, we propose to undertake a re-colorization of medical images with generative adversarial network (GAN)-based architecture as an auxiliary task. A variant of the method involves a second pre-training step based on labeled data for the target task from a related domain. We have validated both variants using medical instrument segmentation as the target task. The proposed approach can be used to radically reduce the manual annotation effort involved in training CNNs. Compared to the baseline approach of generating annotated data from scratch, our method decreases exploratively the number of labeled images by up to 60% without sacrificing performance. Our method also outperforms alternative methods for CNN pre-training, such as pre-training on publicly available non-medical (COCO) or medical data (MICCAI endoscopic vision challenge 2017) using the target task (in this instance: segmentation).

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月27日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/ab888b4fe829791fc8511ff647857ff9

6. tempoGAN: A Temporally Coherent, Volumetric GAN for Super-resolution Fluid FlowtempoGAN: 为超分辨流体流动的一种临时相干体




作者You Xie,Erik Franz,Mengyu Chu,Nils Thuerey

摘要We propose a temporally coherent generative model addressing the super-resolution problem for fluid flows. Our work represents a first approach to synthesize four-dimensional physics fields with neural networks. Based on a conditional generative adversarial network that is designed for the inference of three-dimensional volumetric data, our model generates consistent and detailed results by using a novel temporal discriminator, in addition to the commonly used spatial one. Our experiments show that the generator is able to infer more realistic high-resolution details by using additional physical quantities, such as low-resolution velocities or vorticities. Besides improvements in the training process and in the generated outputs, these inputs offer means for artistic control as well. We additionally employ a physics-aware data augmentation step, which is crucial to avoid overfitting and to reduce memory requirements. In this way, our network learns to generate advected quantities with highly detailed, realistic, and temporally coherent features. Our method works instantaneously, using only a single time-step of low-resolution fluid data. We demonstrate the abilities of our method using a variety of complex inputs and applications in two and three dimensions.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月30日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/49f8d725491101012f6096785e5f26b3

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