【论文推荐】最新6篇推荐系统(Recommendation System)相关论文—深度、注意力、安全、可解释性、评论、自编码器

2018 年 2 月 8 日 专知 专知内容组(编)
【论文推荐】最新6篇推荐系统(Recommendation System)相关论文—深度、注意力、安全、可解释性、评论、自编码器

【导读】专知内容组整理了最近六篇推荐系统(Recommendation System)相关文章,为大家进行介绍,欢迎查看!

1. DKN: Deep Knowledge-Aware Network for News RecommendationDKN:基于深度知识语义网络的新闻推荐




作者Hongwei Wang,Fuzheng Zhang,Xing Xie,Minyi Guo

摘要Online news recommender systems aim to address the information explosion of news and make personalized recommendation for users. In general, news language is highly condensed, full of knowledge entities and common sense. However, existing methods are unaware of such external knowledge and cannot fully discover latent knowledge-level connections among news. The recommended results for a user are consequently limited to simple patterns and cannot be extended reasonably. Moreover, news recommendation also faces the challenges of high time-sensitivity of news and dynamic diversity of users' interests. To solve the above problems, in this paper, we propose a deep knowledge-aware network (DKN) that incorporates knowledge graph representation into news recommendation. DKN is a content-based deep recommendation framework for click-through rate prediction. The key component of DKN is a multi-channel and word-entity-aligned knowledge-aware convolutional neural network (KCNN) that fuses semantic-level and knowledge-level representations of news. KCNN treats words and entities as multiple channels, and explicitly keeps their alignment relationship during convolution. In addition, to address users' diverse interests, we also design an attention module in DKN to dynamically aggregate a user's history with respect to current candidate news. Through extensive experiments on a real online news platform, we demonstrate that DKN achieves substantial gains over state-of-the-art deep recommendation models. We also validate the efficacy of the usage of knowledge in DKN.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月30日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/f18c88d4cd335b0408f90dfe97f6e937

2.  Multi-Pointer Co-Attention Networks for Recommendation(基于多Pointer协同Attention网络的推荐方法




作者Yi Tay,Luu Anh Tuan,Siu Cheung Hui

摘要Many recent state-of-the-art recommender systems such as D-ATT, TransNet and DeepCoNN exploit reviews for representation learning. This paper proposes a new neural architecture for recommendation with reviews. Our model operates on a multi-hierarchical paradigm and is based on the intuition that not all reviews are created equal, i.e., only a select few are important. The importance, however, should be dynamically inferred depending on the current target. To this end, we propose a review-by-review pointer-based learning scheme that extracts important reviews, subsequently matching them in a word-by-word fashion. This enables not only the most informative reviews to be utilized for prediction but also a deeper word-level interaction. Our pointer-based method operates with a novel gumbel-softmax based pointer mechanism that enables the incorporation of discrete vectors within differentiable neural architectures. Our pointer mechanism is co-attentive in nature, learning pointers which are co-dependent on user-item relationships. Finally, we propose a multi-pointer learning scheme that learns to combine multiple views of interactions between user and item. Overall, we demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed model via extensive experiments on \textbf{24} benchmark datasets from Amazon and Yelp. Empirical results show that our approach significantly outperforms existing state-of-the-art, with up to 19% and 71% relative improvement when compared to TransNet and DeepCoNN respectively. We study the behavior of our multi-pointer learning mechanism, shedding light on evidence aggregation patterns in review-based recommender systems.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月29日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/e9f1c53baa02dc2313884fb105e28c3f

3. CryptoRec: Secure Recommendations as a ServiceCryptoRec: 作为服务的安全推荐方法




作者Jun Wang,Afonso Arriaga,Qiang Tang,Peter Y. A. Ryan

摘要Recommender systems rely on large datasets of historical data and entail serious privacy risks. A server offering recommendations as a service to a client might leak more information than necessary regarding its recommendation model and training dataset. At the same time, the disclosure of the client's preferences to the server is also a matter of concern. Providing recommendations while preserving privacy in both senses is a difficult task, which often comes into conflict with the utility of the system in terms of its recommendation-accuracy and efficiency. Widely-purposed cryptographic primitives such as secure multi-party computation and homomorphic encryption offer strong security guarantees, but in conjunction with state-of-the-art recommender systems yield far-from-practical solutions. We precisely define the above notion of security and propose CryptoRec, a novel recommendations-as-a-service protocol, which encompasses a crypto-friendly recommender system. This model possesses two interesting properties: (1) It models user-item interactions in a user-free latent feature space in which it captures personalized user features by an aggregation of item features. This means that a server with a pre-trained model can provide recommendations for a client without having to re-train the model with the client's preferences. Nevertheless, re-training the model still improves accuracy. (2) It only uses addition and multiplication operations, making the model straightforwardly compatible with homomorphic encryption schemes.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年2月7日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/bb0ed8460851c7bf487a72f28d2c7f11

4. Visually Explainable Recommendation(视觉可解释性的推荐方法




作者Xu Chen,Yongfeng Zhang,Hongteng Xu,Yixin Cao,Zheng Qin,Hongyuan Zha

摘要Images account for a significant part of user decisions in many application scenarios, such as product images in e-commerce, or user image posts in social networks. It is intuitive that user preferences on the visual patterns of image (e.g., hue, texture, color, etc) can be highly personalized, and this provides us with highly discriminative features to make personalized recommendations. Previous work that takes advantage of images for recommendation usually transforms the images into latent representation vectors, which are adopted by a recommendation component to assist personalized user/item profiling and recommendation. However, such vectors are hardly useful in terms of providing visual explanations to users about why a particular item is recommended, and thus weakens the explainability of recommendation systems. As a step towards explainable recommendation models, we propose visually explainable recommendation based on attentive neural networks to model the user attention on images, under the supervision of both implicit feedback and textual reviews. By this, we can not only provide recommendation results to the users, but also tell the users why an item is recommended by providing intuitive visual highlights in a personalized manner. Experimental results show that our models are not only able to improve the recommendation performance, but also can provide persuasive visual explanations for the users to take the recommendations.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月31日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/7c022e9571b5ac32de8fa4a8cd77c83e

5. TransRev: Modeling Reviews as Translations from Users to ItemsTransRev: 基于评论信息建模用户和商品的推荐方法




作者Alberto Garcia-Duran,Roberto Gonzalez,Daniel Onoro-Rubio,Mathias Niepert,Hui Li

摘要The text of a review expresses the sentiment a customer has towards a particular product. This is exploited in sentiment analysis where machine learning models are used to predict the review score from the text of the review. Furthermore, the products costumers have purchased in the past are indicative of the products they will purchase in the future. This is what recommender systems exploit by learning models from purchase information to predict the items a customer might be interested in. We propose TransRev, an approach to the product recommendation problem that integrates ideas from recommender systems, sentiment analysis, and multi-relational learning into a joint learning objective. TransRev learns vector representations for users, items, and reviews. The embedding of a review is learned such that (a) it performs well as input feature of a regression model for sentiment prediction; and (b) it always translates the reviewer embedding to the embedding of the reviewed items. This allows TransRev to approximate a review embedding at test time as the difference of the embedding of each item and the user embedding. The approximated review embedding is then used with the regression model to predict the review score for each item. TransRev outperforms state of the art recommender systems on a large number of benchmark data sets. Moreover, it is able to retrieve, for each user and item, the review text from the training set whose embedding is most similar to the approximated review embedding.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月31日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/6c3798e86cd9f99308349c17bc03a0d2

6. Collaborative Autoencoder for Recommender Systems协同自编码器的推荐系统




作者Qibing Li,Xiaolin Zheng,Xinyue Wu

摘要In recent years, deep neural networks have yielded state-of-the-art performance on several tasks. Although some recent works have focused on combining deep learning with recommendation, we highlight three issues of existing works. First, most works perform deep content feature learning and resort to matrix factorization, which cannot effectively model the highly complex user-item interaction function. Second, due to the difficulty on training deep neural networks, existing models utilize a shallow architecture, and thus limit the expressive potential of deep learning. Third, neural network models are easy to overfit on the implicit setting, because negative interactions are not taken into account. To tackle these issues, we present a generic recommender framework called Neural Collaborative Autoencoder (NCAE) to perform collaborative filtering, which works well for both explicit feedback and implicit feedback. NCAE can effectively capture the relationship between interactions via a non-linear matrix factorization process. To optimize the deep architecture of NCAE, we develop a three-stage pre-training mechanism that combines supervised and unsupervised feature learning. Moreover, to prevent overfitting on the implicit setting, we propose an error reweighting module and a sparsity-aware data-augmentation strategy. Extensive experiments on three real-world datasets demonstrate that NCAE can significantly advance the state-of-the-art.

期刊:arXiv, 2018年1月30日

网址

http://www.zhuanzhi.ai/document/1b35f909ea02215eff913e4ac458acda

-END-

专 · 知

人工智能领域主题知识资料查看获取【专知荟萃】人工智能领域26个主题知识资料全集(入门/进阶/论文/综述/视频/专家等)

同时欢迎各位用户进行专知投稿,详情请点击

诚邀】专知诚挚邀请各位专业者加入AI创作者计划了解使用专知!

请PC登录www.zhuanzhi.ai或者点击阅读原文,注册登录专知,获取更多AI知识资料

请扫一扫如下二维码关注我们的公众号,获取人工智能的专业知识!

请加专知小助手微信(Rancho_Fang),加入专知主题人工智能群交流!

点击“阅读原文”,使用专知

登录查看更多
5

相关内容

自动编码器是一种人工神经网络,用于以无监督的方式学习有效的数据编码。自动编码器的目的是通过训练网络忽略信号“噪声”来学习一组数据的表示(编码),通常用于降维。与简化方面一起,学习了重构方面,在此,自动编码器尝试从简化编码中生成尽可能接近其原始输入的表示形式,从而得到其名称。基本模型存在几种变体,其目的是迫使学习的输入表示形式具有有用的属性。自动编码器可有效地解决许多应用问题,从面部识别到获取单词的语义。

In recent years, Graph Neural Networks (GNNs), which can naturally integrate node information and topological structure, have been demonstrated to be powerful in learning on graph data. These advantages of GNNs provide great potential to advance social recommendation since data in social recommender systems can be represented as user-user social graph and user-item graph; and learning latent factors of users and items is the key. However, building social recommender systems based on GNNs faces challenges. For example, the user-item graph encodes both interactions and their associated opinions; social relations have heterogeneous strengths; users involve in two graphs (e.g., the user-user social graph and the user-item graph). To address the three aforementioned challenges simultaneously, in this paper, we present a novel graph neural network framework (GraphRec) for social recommendations. In particular, we provide a principled approach to jointly capture interactions and opinions in the user-item graph and propose the framework GraphRec, which coherently models two graphs and heterogeneous strengths. Extensive experiments on two real-world datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework GraphRec.

0
7
下载
预览

In this paper, we study the problem of modeling users' diverse interests. Previous methods usually learn a fixed user representation, which has a limited ability to represent distinct interests of a user. In order to model users' various interests, we propose a Memory Attention-aware Recommender System (MARS). MARS utilizes a memory component and a novel attentional mechanism to learn deep \textit{adaptive user representations}. Trained in an end-to-end fashion, MARS adaptively summarizes users' interests. In the experiments, MARS outperforms seven state-of-the-art methods on three real-world datasets in terms of recall and mean average precision. We also demonstrate that MARS has a great interpretability to explain its recommendation results, which is important in many recommendation scenarios.

0
5
下载
预览

Providing model-generated explanations in recommender systems is important to user experience. State-of-the-art recommendation algorithms -- especially the collaborative filtering (CF) based approaches with shallow or deep models -- usually work with various unstructured information sources for recommendation, such as textual reviews, visual images, and various implicit or explicit feedbacks. Though structured knowledge bases were considered in content-based approaches, they have been largely ignored recently due to the availability of vast amount of data and the learning power of many complex models. However, structured knowledge bases exhibit unique advantages in personalized recommendation systems. When the explicit knowledge about users and items is considered for recommendation, the system could provide highly customized recommendations based on users' historical behaviors and the knowledge is helpful for providing informed explanations regarding the recommended items. In this work, we propose to reason over knowledge base embeddings for explainable recommendation. Specifically, we propose a knowledge base representation learning framework to embed heterogeneous entities for recommendation, and based on the embedded knowledge base, a soft matching algorithm is proposed to generate personalized explanations for the recommended items. Experimental results on real-world e-commerce datasets verified the superior recommendation performance and the explainability power of our approach compared with state-of-the-art baselines.

0
10
下载
预览

Recommender systems are widely used in big information-based companies such as Google, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Netflix. A recommender system deals with the problem of information overload by filtering important information fragments according to users' preferences. In light of the increasing success of deep learning, recent studies have proved the benefits of using deep learning in various recommendation tasks. However, most proposed techniques only aim to target individuals, which cannot be efficiently applied in group recommendation. In this paper, we propose a deep learning architecture to solve the group recommendation problem. On the one hand, as different individual preferences in a group necessitate preference trade-offs in making group recommendations, it is essential that the recommendation model can discover substitutes among user behaviors. On the other hand, it has been observed that a user as an individual and as a group member behaves differently. To tackle such problems, we propose using an attention mechanism to capture the impact of each user in a group. Specifically, our model automatically learns the influence weight of each user in a group and recommends items to the group based on its members' weighted preferences. We conduct extensive experiments on four datasets. Our model significantly outperforms baseline methods and shows promising results in applying deep learning to the group recommendation problem.

0
12
下载
预览

Images account for a significant part of user decisions in many application scenarios, such as product images in e-commerce, or user image posts in social networks. It is intuitive that user preferences on the visual patterns of image (e.g., hue, texture, color, etc) can be highly personalized, and this provides us with highly discriminative features to make personalized recommendations. Previous work that takes advantage of images for recommendation usually transforms the images into latent representation vectors, which are adopted by a recommendation component to assist personalized user/item profiling and recommendation. However, such vectors are hardly useful in terms of providing visual explanations to users about why a particular item is recommended, and thus weakens the explainability of recommendation systems. As a step towards explainable recommendation models, we propose visually explainable recommendation based on attentive neural networks to model the user attention on images, under the supervision of both implicit feedback and textual reviews. By this, we can not only provide recommendation results to the users, but also tell the users why an item is recommended by providing intuitive visual highlights in a personalized manner. Experimental results show that our models are not only able to improve the recommendation performance, but also can provide persuasive visual explanations for the users to take the recommendations.

0
7
下载
预览

Online news recommender systems aim to address the information explosion of news and make personalized recommendation for users. In general, news language is highly condensed, full of knowledge entities and common sense. However, existing methods are unaware of such external knowledge and cannot fully discover latent knowledge-level connections among news. The recommended results for a user are consequently limited to simple patterns and cannot be extended reasonably. Moreover, news recommendation also faces the challenges of high time-sensitivity of news and dynamic diversity of users' interests. To solve the above problems, in this paper, we propose a deep knowledge-aware network (DKN) that incorporates knowledge graph representation into news recommendation. DKN is a content-based deep recommendation framework for click-through rate prediction. The key component of DKN is a multi-channel and word-entity-aligned knowledge-aware convolutional neural network (KCNN) that fuses semantic-level and knowledge-level representations of news. KCNN treats words and entities as multiple channels, and explicitly keeps their alignment relationship during convolution. In addition, to address users' diverse interests, we also design an attention module in DKN to dynamically aggregate a user's history with respect to current candidate news. Through extensive experiments on a real online news platform, we demonstrate that DKN achieves substantial gains over state-of-the-art deep recommendation models. We also validate the efficacy of the usage of knowledge in DKN.

0
3
下载
预览
小贴士
相关资讯
LibRec 精选:推荐的可解释性[综述]
LibRec智能推荐
8+阅读 · 2018年5月4日
相关论文
Hongwei Wang,Fuzheng Zhang,Mengdi Zhang,Jure Leskovec,Miao Zhao,Wenjie Li,Zhongyuan Wang
11+阅读 · 2019年6月13日
Wenqi Fan,Yao Ma,Qing Li,Yuan He,Eric Zhao,Jiliang Tang,Dawei Yin
7+阅读 · 2019年2月19日
RippleNet: Propagating User Preferences on the Knowledge Graph for Recommender Systems
Hongwei Wang,Fuzheng Zhang,Jialin Wang,Miao Zhao,Wenjie Li,Xing Xie,Minyi Guo
7+阅读 · 2018年8月7日
Lei Zheng,Chun-Ta Lu,Lifang He,Sihong Xie,Vahid Noroozi,He Huang,Philip S. Yu
5+阅读 · 2018年5月18日
Qingyao Ai,Vahid Azizi,Xu Chen,Yongfeng Zhang
10+阅读 · 2018年5月9日
Tran Dang Quang Vinh,Tuan-Anh Nguyen Pham,Gao Cong,Xiao-Li Li
12+阅读 · 2018年4月18日
Massimo Quadrana,Paolo Cremonesi,Dietmar Jannach
8+阅读 · 2018年2月23日
Xu Chen,Yongfeng Zhang,Hongteng Xu,Yixin Cao,Zheng Qin,Hongyuan Zha
7+阅读 · 2018年1月31日
Hongwei Wang,Fuzheng Zhang,Xing Xie,Minyi Guo
3+阅读 · 2018年1月25日
Jing Li,Pengjie Ren,Zhumin Chen,Zhaochun Ren,Jun Ma
5+阅读 · 2017年11月13日
Top