监督学习是指:利用一组已知类别的样本调整分类器的参数,使其达到所要求性能的过程,也称为监督训练或有教师学习。 监督学习是从标记的训练数据来推断一个功能的机器学习任务。训练数据包括一套训练示例。在监督学习中,每个实例都是由一个输入对象(通常为矢量)和一个期望的输出值(也称为监督信号)组成。监督学习算法是分析该训练数据,并产生一个推断的功能,其可以用于映射出新的实例。一个最佳的方案将允许该算法来正确地决定那些看不见的实例的类标签。这就要求学习算法是在一种“合理”的方式从一种从训练数据到看不见的情况下形成。

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The speech representations learned from large-scale unlabeled data have shown better generalizability than those from supervised learning and thus attract a lot of interest to be applied for various downstream tasks. In this paper, we explore the limits of speech representations learned by different self-supervised objectives and datasets for automatic speaker verification (ASV), especially with a well-recognized SOTA ASV model, ECAPA-TDNN [1], as a downstream model. The representations from all hidden layers of the pre-trained model are firstly averaged with learnable weights and then fed into the ECAPA-TDNN as input features. The experimental results on Voxceleb dataset show that the weighted average representation is significantly superior to FBank, a conventional handcrafted feature for ASV. Our best single system achieves 0.537%, 0.569%, and 1.180% equal error rate (EER) on the three official trials of VoxCeleb1, separately. Accordingly, the ensemble system with three pre-trained models can further improve the EER to 0.479%, 0.536% and 1.023%. Among the three evaluation trials, our best system outperforms the winner system [2] of the VoxCeleb Speaker Recognition Challenge 2021 (VoxSRC2021) on the VoxCeleb1-E trial.

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