电气电子工程师学会(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers),1963年由美国电气工程师协会以及无线电工程师协会合并而成,总部在美国纽约市。

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论文题目: Object Detection in 20 Years: A Survey

论文简介:
目标检测作为计算机视觉中最基本和最具挑战性的问题之一,近年来受到了极大的关注。它在过去二十年的发展可以看作是计算机视觉历史的缩影。如果我们将当今的物体检测视为在深度学习的力量下的技术美学,那么将时光倒流到20年前,我们将见证冷武器时代的智慧。鉴于目标检测技术的技术发展,本文跨越了四分之一世纪的时间(从1990年代到2019年)广泛地审查了400多篇论文。本文涵盖了许多主题,包括历史上的里程碑检测器,检测数据集,度量,检测系统的基本构建块,加速技术以及最新的检测技术水平。本文还回顾了一些重要的检测应用程序,例如行人检测,面部检测,文本检测等,并对它们的挑战以及近年来的技术改进进行了深入分析。

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Deep Learning (DL) has been utilized pervasively in the Internet of Things (IoT). One typical application of DL in IoT is device identification from wireless signals, namely Non-cryptographic Device Identification (NDI). However, learning components in NDI systems have to evolve to adapt to operational variations, such a paradigm is termed as Incremental Learning (IL). Various IL algorithms have been proposed and many of them require dedicated space to store the increasing amount of historical data, and therefore, they are not suitable for IoT or mobile applications. However, conventional IL schemes can not provide satisfying performance when historical data are not available. In this paper, we address the IL problem in NDI from a new perspective, firstly, we provide a new metric to measure the degree of topological maturity of DNN models from the degree of conflict of class-specific fingerprints. We discover that an important cause for performance degradation in IL enabled NDI is owing to the conflict of devices' fingerprints. Second, we also show that the conventional IL schemes can lead to low topological maturity of DNN models in NDI systems. Thirdly, we propose a new Channel Separation Enabled Incremental Learning (CSIL) scheme without using historical data, in which our strategy can automatically separate devices' fingerprints in different learning stages and avoid potential conflict. Finally, We evaluated the effectiveness of the proposed framework using real data from ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast), an application of IoT in aviation. The proposed framework has the potential to be applied to accurate identification of IoT devices in a variety of IoT applications and services. Data and code available at IEEE Dataport (DOI: 10.21227/1bxc-ke87) and \url{https://github.com/pcwhy/CSIL}}

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