模式识别 Pattern Recognition

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模式识别对科学家和工程师来说是最重要的挑战之一,并且已经提出了许多不同的方法。本书的目的是为这些方法的概率分析提供一个自成体系的描述。本书包括了距离度量,基于内核或最近邻居的非参数方法,Vapnik-Chervonenkis理论,epsilon熵,参数分类,误差估计,自由分类器和神经网络的讨论。在可能的情况下,可以导出无分布性质和不等式。大量的结果或分析是新的。

https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4612-0711-5

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The research in image quality assessment (IQA) has a long history, and significant progress has been made by leveraging recent advances in deep neural networks (DNNs). Despite high correlation numbers on existing IQA datasets, DNN-based models may be easily falsified in the group maximum differentiation (gMAD) competition with strong counterexamples being identified. Here we show that gMAD examples can be used to improve blind IQA (BIQA) methods. Specifically, we first pre-train a DNN-based BIQA model using multiple noisy annotators, and fine-tune it on multiple subject-rated databases of synthetically distorted images, resulting in a top-performing baseline model. We then seek pairs of images by comparing the baseline model with a set of full-reference IQA methods in gMAD. The resulting gMAD examples are most likely to reveal the relative weaknesses of the baseline, and suggest potential ways for refinement. We query ground truth quality annotations for the selected images in a well controlled laboratory environment, and further fine-tune the baseline on the combination of human-rated images from gMAD and existing databases. This process may be iterated, enabling active and progressive fine-tuning from gMAD examples for BIQA. We demonstrate the feasibility of our active learning scheme on a large-scale unlabeled image set, and show that the fine-tuned method achieves improved generalizability in gMAD, without destroying performance on previously trained databases.

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The research in image quality assessment (IQA) has a long history, and significant progress has been made by leveraging recent advances in deep neural networks (DNNs). Despite high correlation numbers on existing IQA datasets, DNN-based models may be easily falsified in the group maximum differentiation (gMAD) competition with strong counterexamples being identified. Here we show that gMAD examples can be used to improve blind IQA (BIQA) methods. Specifically, we first pre-train a DNN-based BIQA model using multiple noisy annotators, and fine-tune it on multiple subject-rated databases of synthetically distorted images, resulting in a top-performing baseline model. We then seek pairs of images by comparing the baseline model with a set of full-reference IQA methods in gMAD. The resulting gMAD examples are most likely to reveal the relative weaknesses of the baseline, and suggest potential ways for refinement. We query ground truth quality annotations for the selected images in a well controlled laboratory environment, and further fine-tune the baseline on the combination of human-rated images from gMAD and existing databases. This process may be iterated, enabling active and progressive fine-tuning from gMAD examples for BIQA. We demonstrate the feasibility of our active learning scheme on a large-scale unlabeled image set, and show that the fine-tuned method achieves improved generalizability in gMAD, without destroying performance on previously trained databases.

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