特征提取是计算机视觉和图像处理中的一个概念。它指的是使用计算机提取图像信息,决定每个图像的点是否属于一个图像特征。 特征被检测后它可以从图像中被抽取出来。这个过程可能需要许多图像处理的计算机。其结果被称为特征描述或者特征向量。

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摘要: 随着互联网上多媒体数据的爆炸式增长,单一模态的检索已经无法满足用户需求,跨模态检索应运而生。跨模态检索旨在以一种模态的数据去检索另一种模态的相关数据,其核心任务是数据特征提取和不同模态间数据的相关性度量。文中梳理了跨模态检索领域近期的研究进展,从传统方法、深度学习方法、手工特征的哈希编码方法以及深度学习的哈希编码方法等角度归纳论述了跨模态检索领域的研究成果。在此基础上,对比分析了各类算法在跨模态检索常用标准数据集上的性能。最后,分析了跨模态检索研究存在的问题,并对该领域未来发展趋势以及应用进行了展望。

http://www.jsjkx.com/CN/10.11896/jsjkx.200800165

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Human visual system is modeled in engineering field providing feature-engineered methods which detect contrasted/surprising/unusual data into images. This data is "interesting" for humans and leads to numerous applications. Deep learning (DNNs) drastically improved the algorithms efficiency on the main benchmark datasets. However, DNN-based models are counter-intuitive: surprising or unusual data is by definition difficult to learn because of its low occurrence probability. In reality, DNN-based models mainly learn top-down features such as faces, text, people, or animals which usually attract human attention, but they have low efficiency in extracting surprising or unusual data in the images. In this paper, we propose a new visual attention model called DeepRare2021 (DR21) which uses the power of DNNs feature extraction and the genericity of feature-engineered algorithms. This algorithm is an evolution of a previous version called DeepRare2019 (DR19) based on a common framework. DR21 1) does not need any training and uses the default ImageNet training, 2) is fast even on CPU, 3) is tested on four very different eye-tracking datasets showing that the DR21 is generic and is always in the within the top models on all datasets and metrics while no other model exhibits such a regularity and genericity. Finally DR21 4) is tested with several network architectures such as VGG16 (V16), VGG19 (V19) and MobileNetV2 (MN2) and 5) it provides explanation and transparency on which parts of the image are the most surprising at different levels despite the use of a DNN-based feature extractor. DeepRare2021 code can be found at https://github.com/numediart/VisualAttention-RareFamil}.

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Human visual system is modeled in engineering field providing feature-engineered methods which detect contrasted/surprising/unusual data into images. This data is "interesting" for humans and leads to numerous applications. Deep learning (DNNs) drastically improved the algorithms efficiency on the main benchmark datasets. However, DNN-based models are counter-intuitive: surprising or unusual data is by definition difficult to learn because of its low occurrence probability. In reality, DNN-based models mainly learn top-down features such as faces, text, people, or animals which usually attract human attention, but they have low efficiency in extracting surprising or unusual data in the images. In this paper, we propose a new visual attention model called DeepRare2021 (DR21) which uses the power of DNNs feature extraction and the genericity of feature-engineered algorithms. This algorithm is an evolution of a previous version called DeepRare2019 (DR19) based on a common framework. DR21 1) does not need any training and uses the default ImageNet training, 2) is fast even on CPU, 3) is tested on four very different eye-tracking datasets showing that the DR21 is generic and is always in the within the top models on all datasets and metrics while no other model exhibits such a regularity and genericity. Finally DR21 4) is tested with several network architectures such as VGG16 (V16), VGG19 (V19) and MobileNetV2 (MN2) and 5) it provides explanation and transparency on which parts of the image are the most surprising at different levels despite the use of a DNN-based feature extractor. DeepRare2021 code can be found at https://github.com/numediart/VisualAttention-RareFamil}.

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