摘要: 数据稀疏和冷启动是当前推荐系统面临的两大挑战. 以知识图谱为表现形式的附加信息能够在某种程度上缓解数据稀疏和冷启动带来的负面影响, 进而提高推荐的准确度. 本文综述了最近提出的应用知识图谱的推荐方法和系统, 并依据知识图谱来源与构建方法、推荐系统利用知识图谱的方式, 提出了应用知识图谱的推荐方法和系统的分类框架, 进一步分析了本领域的研究难点. 本文还给出了文献中常用的数据集. 最后讨论了未来有价值的研究方向.
Knowledge graph embedding models learn the representations of entities and relations in the knowledge graphs for predicting missing links (relations) between entities. Their effectiveness are deeply affected by the ability of modeling and inferring different relation patterns such as symmetry, asymmetry, inversion, composition and transitivity. Although existing models are already able to model many of these relations patterns, transitivity, a very common relation pattern, is still not been fully supported. In this paper, we first theoretically show that the transitive relations can be modeled with projections. We then propose the Rot-Pro model which combines the projection and relational rotation together. We prove that Rot-Pro can infer all the above relation patterns. Experimental results show that the proposed Rot-Pro model effectively learns the transitivity pattern and achieves the state-of-the-art results on the link prediction task in the datasets containing transitive relations.