集成学习是使用一系列学习器进行学习,并使用某种规则把各个学习结果进行整合从而获得比单个学习器更好的学习效果的一种机器学习方法。

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在很多真实应用中,数据以流的形式不断被收集得到.由于数据收集环境往往发生动态变化,流数据的分布也会随时间不断变化.传统的机器学习技术依赖于数据独立同分布假设,因而在这类分布变化的流数据学习问题上难以奏效.本文提出一种基于决策树模型重用的算法进行分布变化的流数据学习.该算法是一种在线集成学习方法:算法将维护一个模型库,并通过决策树模型重用机制更新模型库.其核心思想是希望从历史数据中挖掘与当前学习相关的知识,从而抵御分布变化造成的影响.通过在合成数据集和真实数据集上进行实验,我们验证了本文提出方法的有效性.

https://engine.scichina.com/doi/10.1360/SSI-2020-0170

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In contextual anomaly detection, an object is only considered anomalous within a specific context. Most existing methods for CAD use a single context based on a set of user-specified contextual features. However, identifying the right context can be very challenging in practice, especially in datasets, with a large number of attributes. Furthermore, in real-world systems, there might be multiple anomalies that occur in different contexts and, therefore, require a combination of several "useful" contexts to unveil them. In this work, we leverage active learning and ensembles to effectively detect complex contextual anomalies in situations where the true contextual and behavioral attributes are unknown. We propose a novel approach, called WisCon (Wisdom of the Contexts), that automatically creates contexts from the feature set. Our method constructs an ensemble of multiple contexts, with varying importance scores, based on the assumption that not all useful contexts are equally so. Experiments show that WisCon significantly outperforms existing baselines in different categories (i.e., active classifiers, unsupervised contextual and non-contextual anomaly detectors, and supervised classifiers) on seven datasets. Furthermore, the results support our initial hypothesis that there is no single perfect context that successfully uncovers all kinds of contextual anomalies, and leveraging the "wisdom" of multiple contexts is necessary.

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In contextual anomaly detection, an object is only considered anomalous within a specific context. Most existing methods for CAD use a single context based on a set of user-specified contextual features. However, identifying the right context can be very challenging in practice, especially in datasets, with a large number of attributes. Furthermore, in real-world systems, there might be multiple anomalies that occur in different contexts and, therefore, require a combination of several "useful" contexts to unveil them. In this work, we leverage active learning and ensembles to effectively detect complex contextual anomalies in situations where the true contextual and behavioral attributes are unknown. We propose a novel approach, called WisCon (Wisdom of the Contexts), that automatically creates contexts from the feature set. Our method constructs an ensemble of multiple contexts, with varying importance scores, based on the assumption that not all useful contexts are equally so. Experiments show that WisCon significantly outperforms existing baselines in different categories (i.e., active classifiers, unsupervised contextual and non-contextual anomaly detectors, and supervised classifiers) on seven datasets. Furthermore, the results support our initial hypothesis that there is no single perfect context that successfully uncovers all kinds of contextual anomalies, and leveraging the "wisdom" of multiple contexts is necessary.

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