区块链(Blockchain)是由节点参与的分布式数据库系统,它的特点是不可更改,不可伪造,也可以将其理解为账簿系统(ledger)。它是比特币的一个重要概念,完整比特币区块链的副本,记录了其代币(token)的每一笔交易。通过这些信息,我们可以找到每一个地址,在历史上任何一点所拥有的价值。

知识荟萃

更新时间2022.2.22

涵盖区块链:行业标准、政策、白皮书、干货书、国内外技术报告、最新综述论文、应用、教程、代表性平台等。

入门

  1. 【区块链之菜鸟入门】
    ● 《亲,你淘的区块链到了!》,用漫画的形式聊区块链,https://developer.aliyun.com/article/60131
    ● 《区块链发展史:从拜占庭将军问题到智慧契约》,https://developer.aliyun.com/article/60132?spm=a2c6h.12873639.0.0.52393e672rSCZo
    ● 《来来来,这篇科普告诉你“区块链”到底是个啥?》,https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/40982407
    ● 《详解区块链—颠覆式创新技术》,http://www.invest-data.com/eWebEditor/uploadfile/2018011611263015052516.pdf
  2. 《什么是区块链技术? - IBM》,IBM出版《区块链傻瓜书》,https://www.ibm.com/cn-zh/topics/what-is-blockchain
  3. 《区块链是什么? - Oracle》,https://www.oracle.com/cn/blockchain/what-is-blockchain/
  4. “BlockChain Technology: Beyond Bitcoin”,谷歌、雅虎、三星等。本白皮书描述了区块链技术以及在金融和非金融领域的一些引人注目的具体应用。然后将着眼于未来的挑战和商业机遇,这一基础技术将彻底改变我们的数字世界。http://scet.berkeley.edu/wp-content/uploads/AIR-2016-Blockchain.pdf
  5. 《一文读懂~国内外区块链发展现状、趋势和政策》,https://blog.51cto.com/u_15127642/2774977 。本文首先介绍了区块链的发展历程、概念、特征、技术、架构、困境等内容,然后总结了我国区块链产业发展的基本特点,以及国内外区块链产业的发展政策,最后指出了区块链发展的趋势与专业判断,使读者能全方位的认识和了解区块链。
  6. 《区块链技术快速入门教程(非常详细)》,http://c.biancheng.net/blockchain/
  7. 《区块链 入门教程》,https://www.qikegu.com/docs/4635

政策制度

  1. 2020.4,教育部《高等学校区块链技术创新行动计划》,http://www.dandian.net/cn/wp-content/uploads/2021041521315985.pdf
  2. 2020.7,北京市政府《北京市区块链创新发展行动计划(2020—2022年)》,http://zgcgw.beijing.gov.cn/zgc/zwgk/zcfg18/bjs/10826796/index.html
  3. 2019.8,《中国区块链政策现状及趋势分析报告》,人民创投区块链研究院,http://blockchain.people.com.cn/NMediaFile/2019/0905/MAIN201909050920000297932371328.pdf

标准规范

  1. 2021,《国家职业技术技能标准——区块链工程技术人员(2021版)》,http://osta.mohrss.gov.cn/biaozhun/%E5%9B%BD%E5%AE%B6%E8%81%8C%E4%B8%9A%E6%8A%80%E8%83%BD%E6%A0%87%E5%87%86%E2%80%94%E2%80%94%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BE%E5%B7%A5%E7%A8%8B%E6%8A%80%E6%9C%AF%E4%BA%BA%E5%91%98.pdf
  2. 2021.3,《区块链系统应用与设计——职业技能等级标准(2021年1.0版)》,北京百度网讯科技有限公司,https://pvc-e7031f9b-6522-11e9-883f-fa163e9e2c22.obs.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/prod%2Fimage%2F2021-03-15%2Fa98a9041540a4ee6b2465d3e618a5f73.pdf
  3. 2021.12,《区块链技术安全通用要求》,上海市市场监督管理局,https://m.cqn.com.cn/zj/att/2022-02/18/ed54f134-1b26-4b85-bcd8-2fa275cba4c0.pdf
  4. 2021.3,《雄安新区区块链技术数据协同规范》,http://www.xiongan.gov.cn/1210959746_16097396561981n.pdf

白皮书

  1. 2021.5,《区块链系统开发与应用ACCA 认证白皮书》, 蚂蚁集团,https://gw.alipayobjects.com/os/bmw-prod/e80c5d3c-1528-4f9f-9d18-7c93326c8f05.pdf
  2. 2022.2,《区块链新基建逐步落地,美联储发布首份数字货币白皮书》,东方证券,https://pdf.dfcfw.com/pdf/H3_AP202202071545497557_1.pdf?1644253567000.pdf
  3. 2021.9,《华为区块链白皮书2021——建设容和开发的数字经济基础设施》,华为,https://res-static.hc-cdn.cn/cloudbu-site/china/zh-cn/BCS/BCS2.0.pdf
  4. 2020.12,《区块链白皮书》,中国信息通信研究院,http://www.caict.ac.cn/english/research/whitepapers/202101/P020210127494158921362.pdf
  5. 2021,《2021年中国区块链行业发展白皮书》,头豹研究院,https://pdf.dfcfw.com/pdf/H3_AP202110211524160607_1.pdf?1634846649000.pdf
  6. 2020,《京东区块链技术实践白皮书》,京东数科,https://storage.jd.com/sy-static.jd.com/1603441763717_2020%E4%BA%AC%E4%B8%9C%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BE%E6%8A%80%E6%9C%AF%E5%AE%9E%E8%B7%B5%E7%99%BD%E7%9A%AE%E4%B9%A6.pdf
  7. 2020.4,《区块链金融应用发展白皮书》,中国工商银行金融科技研究院,http://pdf.dfcfw.com/pdf/H3_AP202004261378665796_1.pdf

报告

国内

  1. 2020.3,郑志明院士《我国区块链发展趋势与思考》,https://xxzx.mca.gov.cn/article/xgzs/202004/20200400026405.shtml
  2. 2022.2,《区块链研究关于NFT 创作者经济的探讨》,HashKey Group,https://www.hashkey.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/%E3%80%90%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BE%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6%E7%AC%AC172%E6%9C%9F%E3%80%91-%E5%85%B3%E4%BA%8ENFT%E5%88%9B%E4%BD%9C%E8%80%85%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E%E7%9A%84%E6%8E%A2%E8%AE%A8.pdf
  3. 2022.2,《超文化链》,https://scy.cash/files/WhitePaper.pdf
  4. 2021.11,《跨越“信任”鸿沟:德勤X蚂蚁链汽车产业区块链趋势报告》,德勤、蚂蚁链,https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/cn/Documents/cip/deloitte-cn-cip-trend-report-of-automobile-industry-blockchain-zh-211026.pdf
  5. 2021.7,《区块链基础设施研究报告(2021年)》,中国信息通信研究院,http://www.caict.ac.cn/kxyj/qwfb/ztbg/202107/P020210726503897354430.pdf
  6. 2021.6,《卫生信息化国际发展动态(区块链)》,北京市卫生健康委信息中心,http://www.phic.org.cn/sy/wsxxhgjfzdt/202106/P020210629596879630832.pdf
  7. 2021,《2021工业区块链案例集》,工业互联网产业联盟,http://www.trustedblockchain.cn/#/result/result/resultDetail/6a7d6cdf11534457ab82d463faef2194/3
  8. 2021.5,《2021年中国区块链商业模式概览》,头豹研究院,https://www.314dt.com/wp-content/uploads/pdf/dfcf/20210627/2021%E5%B9%B4%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BE%E5%95%86%E4%B8%9A%E6%A8%A1%E5%BC%8F%E6%A6%82%E8%A7%88.pdf
  9. 2021.5,《利用区块链促进可持续发展:前景与挑战》,联合国科学和技术促进发展委员会,https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/ecn162021d3_ch.pdf
  10. 2021.4《区块链技术和行业发展七个新趋势:新架构、新网络、新商业模型》,北京航空航天大学、天德科技,http://upload.xinhua08.com/2021/0430/1619767484125.pdf
  11. 2021.3,《中国区块链产业生态地图报告(2020-2021)》,清华大学、中关村大数据产业联盟,http://pg.jrj.com.cn/acc/Res/CN_RES/INDUS/2021/3/31/c9b962b3-cc6e-44c5-8af9-f382dfccacbe.pdf
  12. 2021.3,《全球区块链产业全景与趋势年度报告(2020-2021年度报告)》,火币研究院,https://hkibfa.io/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/%E5%85%A8%E7%90%83%E5%8D%80%E5%A1%8A%E9%8F%88%E7%94%A2%E6%A5%AD%E5%85%A8%E6%99%AF%E8%88%87%E8%B6%A8%E5%8B%A2%E5%B9%B4%E5%BA%A6%E5%A0%B1%E5%91%8A%EF%BC%882020-2021%E5%B9%B4%E5%BA%A6%EF%BC%89.pdf
  13. 2021.3,《2021 年首期外滩沙龙:区块链在金融领域的创新与应用》,上海金融与发展实验室,https://www.shifd.net/upload/file/20210830/1630324221709285.pdf
  14. 2021.2,《2021年区块链应用概览》,头豹研究院,http://pg.jrj.com.cn/acc/Res/CN_RES/INDUS/2021/2/22/a9270b7b-1e9b-4461-8791-9323bb3cdb0c.pdf
  15. 2020.11,《农业食品行业中区块链应用的新机遇》,联合国粮食及农业组织,https://www.zziatc.com/uploads/image/20211116/619354c68414a.pdf
  16. 2020,《全球交易所区块链最新发展及相关思考》,资本市场研究所,http://www.sse.com.cn/aboutus/research/report/c/5001575.pdf
  17. 2019.8,《中国区块链政策现状及趋势分析报告》,人民创投区块链研究院,http://blockchain.people.com.cn/NMediaFile/2019/0905/MAIN201909050920000297932371328.pdf

国外

  1. 2021.12,“NATIONAL STRATEGY ON BLOCKCHAIN——Towards Enabling Trusted Digital Platforms”(关于区块链的国家战略——实现可信的数字平台),印度政府电子和信息技术部,https://www.meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/National_BCT_Strategy.pdf
  2. 2021,“HARNESSING BLOCKCHAIN FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES”(利用区块链促进可持续发展:前景和挑战),联合国贸易和发展会议,https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/dtlstict2021d3_en.pdf
  3. 2021,“DISCUSSION PAPER ON BLOCKCHAIN AND SMART CONTRACTS IN INSURANCE”(关于区块链和保险智能合约),欧洲保险和职业养老金管理局,https://www.eiopa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/publications/consultations/eiopa-discussion-paper-on-blockchain-29-04-2021.pdf
  4. 2021.6,“Artificial intelligence, blockchain and the future of Europe: How disruptive technologies create opportunities for a green and digital economy”(人工智能、区块链和欧洲的未来:颠覆性技术如何为绿色和数字经济创造机会),欧盟,https://www.eib.org/attachments/thematic/artificial_intelligence_blockchain_and_the_future_of_europe_report_en.pdf
  5. 2021.10,“Blockchain for Healthcare”(区块链与医疗保健),https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/blockchain-for-healthcare-tlpwhite.pdf
  6. 2021.4,“Study on Blockchain labour market characteristics”(区块链人力市场特征研究),Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union,https://chaise-blockchainskills.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/D2.2.1-Study-on-Blockchain-labour-market-characteristics.pdf
  7. 2021.10,“BLOCKCHAIN ANALYSIS OF THE BITCOIN MARKET”(比特币市场的区块链分析),美国全国经济研究所,https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w29396/w29396.pdf

教程

  1. 廖雪峰,《区块链教程》,https://www.liaoxuefeng.com/wiki/1207298049439968
  2. 【区块链和智能合约课程-初学者到专家Python教程】,14节课,“Solidity, Blockchain, and Smart Contract Course – Beginner to Expert Python Tutorial”
    ● 资料及代码:https://github.com/smartcontractkit/full-blockchain-solidity-course-py
    ● 视频讲解(16.5h):https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M576WGiDBdQ&list=RDCMUC8butISFwT-Wl7EV0hUK0BQ&start_radio=1&rv=M576WGiDBdQ&t=0
  3. Blockchain Development视频课程: [https://github.com/Developer-Y/cs-video-courses#blockchain-development]
    ● Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies
    Blockchain Fundamentals Decal 2018 - Berkeley DeCal
    Blockchain for Developers Decal - Spring 2018 - Berkeley DeCal
    Cryptocurrency Engineering and Design - Spring 2018 - MIT
    15.S12 Blockchain and Money, Fall 2018- MIT
    Blockchain - Foundations and Use Cases
    ● Become Blockchain Developer
    Solidity for Beginners Master Solidity Dapp University
    IPFS Inter Planetary File System Dapp University
    Solidity, Blockchain, and Smart Contract Course – Beginner to Expert Python Tutorial - FreeCodingCamp
    Web 3.0 - Build Realtime Decentralized applications

书籍

  1. 《区块链技术指南》
    ● 本书希望能客观探索区块链概念的来龙去脉,剖析关键技术和原理,同时以全球最大的开源分布式账本项目——超级账本为例讲解具体应用
    https://github.com/yeasy/blockchain_guide/blob/master/SUMMARY.md
  2. 《Mastering Bitcoin(精通比特币)》
    ● 《精通比特币》是一本适合开发人员的书,前两章所涵盖的比特币水平对非程序员来说也很容易理解。任何对技术有基本了解的人都可以阅读前两章。
    https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/develop/book.asciidoc
  3. 【干货书】Elaine Shi 《Foundations of Distributed Consensus and Blockchains(分布式共识和区块链的基础)》(http://elaineshi.com/docs/blockchain-book.pdf)
    ● 作者Elaine Shi主页http://elaineshi.com/
  4. 【干货书】O'REILLY,《去中心化应用——区块链概述》(中文版),https://www.amazon.cn/dp/B07KW2NG17
    ● 在这本实用指南中,作者解释了为什么去中心化应用(dapp)将比现在流 行的 Web 应用得到更广泛的使用以及实现更多盈利,展示了如何使用现有工具 来创建可用的 dapp 及其市场,并研究了目前两个成功的 dapp 案例。读者将了 解到区块链的加密存储台账、scarce-asset 模型和点对点技术如何提供比当前软 件模型更灵活、更具激励性的结构。
    ● 本书读者对象为对区块链感兴趣的开发人员。
  5. 【干货书】吴为《区块链实战》,http://www.tup.tsinghua.edu.cn/upload/books/yz/075513-01.pdf
    ● 本书全景式地描述了互联网前沿技术——区块链,分别从区块链的起源、区块链在全球各 个国家的发展现状、区块链的四大核心技术、基于区块链底层技术的数字货币发展现状等角度 进行描述。另外,为了更好地理解区块链,本书讲述了区块链在数字货币领域、金融领域、物 联网领域、大数据领域、医疗领域、教育领域、公证领域等七个领域的应用。
    ● 区块链是一场技术革命。在不久的将来,我们会看到区块链与传统行业的直接较量。而且 这是一场不同层面的竞争,传统行业被新技术取代已成必然趋势。所以在一切还未发生之前, 关注区块链、参与区块链、应用区块链是至关重要的。
    ● 通过阅读本书,读者只需要花费一周的时间就可以理解区块链是什么以及它能干什么,并 且理解区块链在各个领域的价值所在。
  6. 【干货书】黄京磊、林大亮、张剑南 著《解码区块链原理机制、场景案例与通证经济》,http://www.tup.tsinghua.edu.cn/upload/books/yz/081279-01.pdf
    ● 本书收集了产业发展和技术原理与实战案例,并用最通俗的语言娓娓道来。我们将为您呈 现一个用区块链改造社会与技术的崭新世界。本书适用于所有区块链技术爱好者和希望快速而 全面地了解区块链行业的企业家以及其他读者朋友。读完本书,您对区块链技术、机制原理与 应用领域的了解将如数家珍。
  7. 【干货书】O'REILLY,《Blockchain(区块链)》(http://book.itep.ru/depository/blockchain/blockchain-by-melanie-swan.pdf)
    ● 这本书将带你超越货币(“区块链1.0”)和智能合约(“区块链2.0”),展示区块链如何成为继大型机、pc、互联网和移动/社交网络之后的第五大颠覆性计算范例。
    ● 作者Melanie Swan是区块链研究所的创始人,她解释说,区块链本质上是一个公共账本,有潜力成为一个全球性的、分散的记录,用于所有资产的注册、盘存和转移——不仅是财务,还包括财产和无形资产,如投票、软件、健康数据和想法。
    ● 本书主题:比特币和区块链的概念、特性和功能;使用区块链自动跟踪所有的数字工作;启用抗审查的组织模型;创建分散的数字仓库来验证身份;提供传统上由国家提供的更便宜、更有效的服务的可能性;科学:更好地利用数据挖掘网络;个人健康记录存储,包括访问自己的基因组数据;在区块链上开放获取学术出版。
  8. 【干货书】John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 《Blockchain For Dummies(区块链傻瓜书)》(https://www.ramonmillan.com/documentos/bibliografia/BlockchainForDummies_Wiley.pdf)
    ● 这本书解释了区块链、智能合约和加密货币的基础知识。你可能会读到这本书,因为你听说过区块链,知道它们很重要,但不知道它们是什么,它们如何工作,或者为什么你应该关心它们。这本书用通俗易懂的语言回答了所有这些问题。
    ● 这本书和市面上其他的区块链书有一点不同。它提供了公开市场上所有关键区块链的调查,它们如何工作,它们做什么,以及一些你今天可以尝试的有用的东西。
    ● 本书还介绍了区块链技术的概况,并指出了在您自己的区块链项目中需要注意的一些关键事项。在这里,您将了解如何安装以太坊钱包,创建和执行智能合约,在比特币和Factom中进行输入,并赚取加密货币。你不必把书从头到尾读一遍。转到你感兴趣的话题上去就行了。
  9. 【干货书】John Wiley & Sons, Inc.《Blockchain For Dummies, 2nd IBM Limited Edition(区块链傻瓜版,第二版IBM限量版)》(https://www.ibm.com/downloads/cas/36KBMBOG)
    ● 区块链是什么,它是如何工作的,以及它如何可以提高您的业务和行业,在其中运行。您将学习区块链的基本原理,以及这项技术如何彻底改变交易和商业网络。您还会发现“区块链”和“商业区块链”之间的重要区别。以及什么使区块链成为简化业务网络的理想解决方案。
    ● 您可以了解Hyperledger, Linux基金会的一个项目,旨在帮助推进跨行业区块链技术和思想领导。了解Hyperledger Fabric,一个开源框架,以及它在开发商业区块链中扮演的重要角色。最后,今天你会发现所有你需要的东西来启动区块链网络。

综述

  1. 蔡晓晴, 邓尧, 张亮, 等. 48页pdf 区块链原理及其核心技术. 计算机学报, 2021, 44(1): 84-131.
  2. 曾诗钦, 霍如, 黄韬, 等. 区块链技术研究综述: 原理, 进展与应用. Journal on Communications, 2020.
  3. 2021.12,佟兴、张召等,《面向端边云协同架构的区块链技术综述》,计算机学报,
  4. 2021.5,何帅、黄襄念等,《区块链跨链技术发展及应用研究综述》
  5. 2021.3,上海证券交易所课题组,《区块链在我国资本市场领域核心场景应用研究》
  6. Sharma, P., Jindal, R. & Borah, M.D. A Review of Blockchain-Based Applications and Challenges. Wireless Pers Commun (2021). 基于区块链的应用与挑战综述
  7. Berdik D, Otoum S, Schmidt N, et al. A survey on blockchain for information systems management and security. Information Processing & Management, 2021, 58(1): 102397. 区块链在信息系统管理与安全中的应用研究
  8. Singh S, Hosen A S M S, Yoon B. Blockchain security attacks, challenges, and solutions for the future distributed iot network. IEEE Access, 2021, 9: 13938-13959. 未来分布式物联网的区块链安全攻击、挑战和解决方案
  9. Ali O, Jaradat A, Kulakli A, et al. A comparative study: Blockchain technology utilization benefits, challenges and functionalities. IEEE Access, 2021, 9: 12730-12749. 比较研究:区块链技术利用的好处、挑战和功能
  10. Deepa N, Pham Q V, Nguyen D C, et al. A survey on blockchain for big data: approaches, opportunities, and future directions. Future Generation Computer Systems, 2022. 大数据区块链:方法、机遇和未来发展方向
  11. Lim M K, Li Y, Wang C, et al. A literature review of blockchain technology applications in supply chains: A comprehensive analysis of themes, methodologies and industries. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 2021, 154: 107133. 区块链技术在供应链中的应用文献综述:主题、方法和行业的综合分析
  12. Belchior R, Vasconcelos A, Guerreiro S, et al. A survey on blockchain interoperability: Past, present, and future trends. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 2021, 54(8): 1-41. 关于区块链互操作性的调查:过去、现在和未来趋势
  13. Kouhizadeh M, Saberi S, Sarkis J. Blockchain technology and the sustainable supply chain: Theoretically exploring adoption barriers. International Journal of Production Economics, 2021, 231: 107831. 区块链技术与可持续供应链:从理论上探讨采用障碍

关键技术

数据安全

  1. 2021.1,刘明达、陈左宁,《区块链在数据安全领域的研究进展》,计算机学报
  2. Kumar R, Tripathi R, Marchang N, et al. A secured distributed detection system based on IPFS and blockchain for industrial image and video data security. Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 2021, 152: 128-143. 基于IPFS和区块链的工业图像和视频数据安全分布式检测系统
  3. Rajawat A S, Rawat R, Barhanpurkar K, et al. Blockchain-based model for expanding IoT device data security//Advances in Applications of Data-Driven Computing. Springer, Singapore, 2021: 61-71. 基于区块链的模型,扩展物联网设备数据安全
  4. Alhazmi H E, Eassa F E, Sandokji S M. Towards Big Data Security Framework by Leveraging Fragmentation and Blockchain Technology. IEEE Access, 2022, 10: 10768-10782. 利用碎片化和区块链技术,迈向大数据安全框架
  5. Liao D, Li H, Wang W, et al. Achieving IoT data security based blockchain. Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications, 2021, 14(5): 2694-2707. 实现基于区块链的物联网数据安全
  6. Wang X, Garg S, Lin H, et al. Enabling secure authentication in industrial iot with transfer learning empowered blockchain. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 2021, 17(11): 7725-7733. 在工业物联网中实现安全认证,支持传输学习的区块链

算法

  1. 2021.7,牛淑芬、杨平平等,《区块链上基于云辅助的密文策略属性基数据共享加密方案》,电子与信息学报
  2. 2020.12,曹傧、聂凯君等,《无线网络中区块链共识算法的开销分析》,北京邮电大学学报
  3. Cai X, Geng S, Zhang J, et al. A Sharding scheme-based many-objective optimization algorithm for enhancing security in Blockchain-enabled industrial internet of things. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 2021, 17(11): 7650-7658. 一种基于分片方案的提高区块链工业物联网安全性的多目标优化算法
  4. Rathore S, Park J H, Chang H. Deep learning and blockchain-empowered security framework for intelligent 5G-enabled IoT. IEEE Access, 2021, 9: 90075-90083. 面向智能5g物联网的深度学习和区块链安全框架

区块链+行业应用

交通

  1. 2021.10,谢高畅、卢华等,《区块链在轨道交通边缘计算网络中的应用》
  2. 2019.12,龚䶮、廖金花,《区块链技术的城市智能交通大数据平台及仿真案例分析》
  3. Baker T, Asim M, Samwini H, et al. A blockchain-based Fog-oriented lightweight framework for smart public vehicular transportation systems. Computer Networks, 2022, 203: 108676. 基于区块链的面向雾的智能公共交通系统轻量级框架
  4. Ning Z, Sun S, Wang X, et al. Blockchain-enabled intelligent transportation systems: a distributed crowdsensing framework. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2021. 区块链智能交通系统:分布式众筹框架
  5. Haouari M, Mhiri M, El-Masri M, et al. A novel proof of useful work for a blockchain storing transportation transactions. Information Processing & Management, 2022, 59(1): 102749. 一个关于区块链存储运输事务有用工作的新证明
  6. Bekrar A, El Cadi A A, Todosijevic R, et al. Digitalizing the closing-of-the-loop for supply chains: A transportation and Blockchain perspective. Sustainability, 2021, 13(5): 2895. 数字化供应链闭环:运输和区块链的视角
  7. Abbas K, Tawalbeh L A A, Rafiq A, et al. Convergence of blockchain and IoT for secure transportation systems in smart cities. Security and Communication Networks, 2021. 融合区块链和物联网,实现智慧城市的安全交通系统
  8. Stockburger L, Kokosioulis G, Mukkamala A, et al. Blockchain-enabled decentralized identity management: The case of self-sovereign identity in public transportation. Blockchain: Research and Applications, 2021, 2(2): 100014. 区块链支持的分散身份管理:公共交通中的自我主权身份案例
  9. Distefano S, Di Giacomo A, Mazzara M. Trustworthiness for transportation ecosystems: The blockchain vehicle information system. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2021, 22(4): 2013-2022. 交通生态系统的可信度:区块链车辆信息系统
  10. Abdel-Basset M, Moustafa N, Hawash H, et al. Federated Intrusion Detection in Blockchain-Based Smart Transportation Systems. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2021. 基于区块链的智能交通系统中的联邦入侵检测

环保

  1. 2021,赵楠、盛昭瀚、严浩,《基于区块链的排污权交易创新机制研究》
  2. Baynham-Herd, Z. Enlist blockchain to boost conservation. Nature 548, 523 (2017). 使用区块链来促进环境保护
  3. Jiang, S., Li, Y., Lu, Q. et al. Policy assessments for the carbon emission flows and sustainability of Bitcoin blockchain operation in China. Nat Commun 12, 1938 (2021). 比特币区块链在中国运营的碳排放流和可持续性政策评估
  4. Parmentola A, Petrillo A, Tutore I, et al. Is blockchain able to enhance environmental sustainability? A systematic review and research agenda from the perspective of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Business Strategy and the Environment, 2022, 31(1): 194-217. 区块链能提高环境的可持续性吗?可持续发展目标视角下的系统回顾和研究议程
  5. Zhang L, Zhang Z, Wang W, et al. Research on a covert communication model realized by using smart contracts in blockchain environment. IEEE Systems Journal, 2021. 在区块链环境下,利用智能合约实现隐蔽通信模型的研究
  6. Shojaei A, Ketabi R, Razkenari M, et al. Enabling a circular economy in the built environment sector through blockchain technology. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2021, 294: 126352. 通过区块链技术实现建筑环境部门的循环经济
  7. Park A, Li H. The effect of blockchain technology on supply chain sustainability performances. Sustainability, 2021, 13(4): 1726. 区块链技术对供应链可持续性绩效的影响
  8. Xu Y. Research on Investment Environment Performance Evaluation of Blockchain Industry with Intuitionistic Fuzzy CODAS Method. Scientific Programming, 2021, 2021. 基于直觉模糊CODAS方法的区块链产业投资环境绩效评价研究
  9. Howson P. Distributed degrowth technology: Challenges for blockchain beyond the green economy. Ecological Economics, 2021, 184: 107020. 分布式去生长技术:区块链超越绿色经济的挑战
  10. Khan S A R, Godil D I, Jabbour C J C, et al. Green data analytics, blockchain technology for sustainable development, and sustainable supply chain practices: evidence from small and medium enterprises. Annals of Operations Research, 2021: 1-25. 绿色数据分析、可持续发展的区块链技术和可持续供应链实践:来自中小企业的证据
  11. Sivarethinamohan R, Sujatha S. Unraveling the potential of artificial intelligence-driven blockchain technology in environment management//Advances in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore, 2021: 693-700. 揭示人工智能驱动的区块链技术在环境管理中的潜力

能源

  1. 2021,张金良、王玉珠,《基于区块链技术的绿色电力证书交易机制设计》,华北电力大学学报
  2. Ante L, Steinmetz F, Fiedler I. Blockchain and energy: A bibliometric analysis and review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2021, 137: 110597. 区块链与能源:文献计量学分析与评述
  3. Lei N, Masanet E, Koomey J. Best practices for analyzing the direct energy use of blockchain technology systems: Review and policy recommendations. Energy Policy, 2021, 156: 112422. 分析区块链技术系统直接能源使用的最佳实践:审查和政策建议
  4. Wang Q, Li R, Zhan L. Blockchain technology in the energy sector: From basic research to real world applications. Computer Science Review, 2021, 39: 100362. 能源领域的区块链技术:从基础研究到实际应用
  5. Tao M, Wang Z, Qu S. Research on Multi-Microgrids Scheduling Strategy Considering Dynamic Electricity Price Based on Blockchain. IEEE Access, 2021, 9: 52825-52838. 基于区块链的多微网动态电价调度策略研究
  6. Borowski P F. Digitization, digital twins, blockchain, and industry 4.0 as elements of management process in enterprises in the energy sector. Energies, 2021, 14(7): 1885. 数字化、数字孪生、区块链、工业4.0作为能源行业企业管理流程的要素
  7. Wang J. A novel electric vehicle charging chain design based on blockchain technology. Energy Reports, 2022, 8: 785-793. 一种基于区块链技术的新型电动汽车充电链设计
  8. Tsao Y C, Thanh V V, Wu Q. Sustainable microgrid design considering blockchain technology for real-time price-based demand response programs. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 2021, 125: 106418. 基于区块链技术的实时价格需求响应方案的可持续微电网设计
  9. Esmat A, de Vos M, Ghiassi-Farrokhfal Y, et al. A novel decentralized platform for peer-to-peer energy trading market with blockchain technology. Applied Energy, 2021, 282: 116123. 基于区块链技术的新型去中心化点对点能源交易平台
  10. Liu J, Lv J, Dinçer H, et al. Selection of renewable energy alternatives for green blockchain investments: A hybrid IT2-based fuzzy modelling. Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering, 2021, 28(5): 3687-3701. 绿色区块链投资的可再生能源替代品的选择:基于it2的混合模糊模型
  11. Jamil F, Iqbal N, Ahmad S, et al. Peer-to-peer energy trading mechanism based on blockchain and machine learning for sustainable electrical power supply in smart grid. IEEE Access, 2021, 9: 39193-39217. 基于区块链和机器学习的智能电网可持续供电点对点能源交易机制
  12. Christidis K, Sikeridis D, Wang Y, et al. A framework for designing and evaluating realistic blockchain-based local energy markets. Applied Energy, 2021, 281: 115963. 设计和评估基于区块链的本地能源市场的框架

医疗

  1. 2021.8,辛继宾、吴利俊 等,《医疗健康信息领域区块链技术专利的应用发展态势研究》
  2. Alrebdi, N., Alabdulatif, A., Iwendi, C. et al. SVBE: searchable and verifiable blockchain-based electronic medical records system. Sci Rep 12, 266 (2022). SVBE:基于区块链的可搜索、可验证的电子病历系统
  3. Vazirani, A.A., O’Donoghue, O., Brindley, D. et al. Blockchain vehicles for efficient Medical Record management. npj Digit. Med. 3, 1 (2020). 使用区块链进行有效的病案管理
  4. Hussien H M, Yasin S M, Udzir N I, et al. Blockchain technology in the healthcare industry: Trends and opportunities. Journal of Industrial Information Integration, 2021, 22: 100217. 医疗保健行业的区块链技术:趋势和机遇
  5. Yaqoob I, Salah K, Jayaraman R, et al. Blockchain for healthcare data management: opportunities, challenges, and future recommendations. Neural Computing and Applications, 2021: 1-16. 用于医疗保健数据管理的区块链:机遇、挑战和未来建议
  6. Ratta P, Kaur A, Sharma S, et al. Application of blockchain and internet of things in healthcare and medical sector: applications, challenges, and future perspectives. Journal of Food Quality, 2021. 区块链和物联网在医疗卫生领域的应用:应用、挑战和未来展望
  7. Abdellatif A A, Samara L, Mohamed A, et al. Medge-chain: Leveraging edge computing and blockchain for efficient medical data exchange. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 2021, 8(21): 15762-15775. Medge-chain:利用边缘计算和区块链实现高效的医疗数据交换
  8. Połap D, Srivastava G, Yu K. Agent architecture of an intelligent medical system based on federated learning and blockchain technology. Journal of Information Security and Applications, 2021, 58: 102748. 基于联邦学习和区块链技术的智能医疗系统Agent体系结构
  9. Wu H, Dwivedi A D, Srivastava G. Security and privacy of patient information in medical systems based on blockchain technology. ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMM), 2021, 17(2s): 1-17. 基于区块链技术的医疗系统中患者信息的安全性和隐私性
  10. Zhang C, Xu C, Sharif K, et al. Privacy-preserving contact tracing in 5G-integrated and blockchain-based medical applications. Computer Standards & Interfaces, 2021, 77: 103520. 基于5g和区块链的医疗应用中的隐私保护接触追踪
  11. Alqaralleh B A Y, Vaiyapuri T, Parvathy V S, et al. Blockchain-assisted secure image transmission and diagnosis model on Internet of Medical Things Environment. Personal and ubiquitous computing, 2021: 1-11. 医疗物联网环境下区块链辅助的安全图像传输与诊断模型

教育

  1. Steiu M F. Blockchain in education: Opportunities, applications, and challenges. First Monday, 2020. 区块链+教育:机遇、应用和挑战
  2. Fedorova E P, Skobleva E I. Application of blockchain technology in higher education. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2020, 9(3): 552-571. 区块链技术在高等教育中的应用
  3. Guustaaf E, Rahardja U, Aini Q, et al. Blockchain-based Education Project. Aptisi Transactions on Management (ATM), 2021, 5(1): 46-61. 基于区块链的高等教育项目旨在解决当今教育工作者面临的问题。
  4. Guustaaf E, Rahardja U, Aini Q, et al. Blockchain-based Education Project. Aptisi Transactions on Management (ATM), 2021, 5(1): 46-61. 基于区块链的教育项目
  5. Aini Q, Lutfiani N, Santoso N P L, et al. Blockchain for education purpose: essential topology. Aptisi Transactions on Management (ATM), 2021, 5(2): 112-120. 教育用途区块链:基本拓扑
  6. Raimundo R, Rosário A. Blockchain system in the higher education. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 2021, 11(1): 276-293. 高等教育中的区块链制度
  7. Lutfiani N, Aini Q, Rahardja U, et al. Transformation of blockchain and opportunities for education 4.0. International Journal of Education and Learning, 2021, 3(3): 222-231. 区块链的转型和教育4.0的机会
  8. Shah D, Patel D, Adesara J, et al. Exploiting the capabilities of blockchain and machine learning in education. Augmented Human Research, 2021, 6(1): 1-14. 利用区块链和机器学习在教育中的能力
  9. Rizky A, Kurniawan S, Gumelar R D, et al. Use Of blockchain technology in implementing information system security on education. BEST Journal (Biology Education, Sains and Technology), 2021, 4(1): 62-70. 区块链技术在实现教育信息系统安全中的应用
  10. Oganda F P, Lutfiani N, Aini Q, et al. Blockchain Education Smart Courses of Massive Online Open Course Using Business Model Canvas//2020 2nd International Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent System (ICORIS). IEEE, 2020: 1-6. 区块链基于商业模式画布的大规模在线开放课程教育智能课程

食品

  1. Ahmed, S., Broek, N. Blockchain could boost food security. Nature 550, 43 (2017). 区块链可以提高食品安全
  2. Feng H, Wang X, Duan Y, et al. Applying blockchain technology to improve agri-food traceability: A review of development methods, benefits and challenges. Journal of cleaner production, 2020, 260: 121031. 应用区块链技术改善农业食品可追溯性:发展方法、益处和挑战综述
  3. Bumblauskas D, Mann A, Dugan B, et al. A blockchain use case in food distribution: Do you know where your food has been?. International Journal of Information Management, 2020, 52: 102008. 食品配送中的区块链用例:你知道你的食物去过哪里吗?
  4. Duan J, Zhang C, Gong Y, et al. A content-analysis based literature review in blockchain adoption within food supply chain. International journal of environmental research and public health, 2020, 17(5): 1784. 基于内容分析的文献综述在食品供应链中采用区块链
  5. Behnke K, Janssen M. Boundary conditions for traceability in food supply chains using blockchain technology. International Journal of Information Management, 2020, 52: 101969. 使用区块链技术的食品供应链追溯边界条件
  6. Saurabh S, Dey K. Blockchain technology adoption, architecture, and sustainable agri-food supply chains. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2021, 284: 124731. 区块链技术采用、架构和可持续农业食品供应链
  7. Singh, V., Sharma, S.K. Application of blockchain technology in shaping the future of food industry based on transparency and consumer trust. J Food Sci Technol (2022). 应用区块链技术,以透明度和消费者信任为基础,塑造食品行业的未来
  8. Lin, K., Chavalarias, D., Panahi, M. et al. Mobile-based traceability system for sustainable food supply networks. Nat Food 1, 673–679 (2020). 可持续粮食供应网络的移动溯源系统
  9. Friedman N, Ormiston J. Blockchain as a sustainability-oriented innovation?: Opportunities for and resistance to Blockchain technology as a driver of sustainability in global food supply chains. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2022, 175: 121403. 区块链作为一个可持续发展的创新?:区块链技术作为全球食品供应链可持续性驱动力的机遇和阻力
  10. Shahid A, Almogren A, Javaid N, et al. Blockchain-based agri-food supply chain: A complete solution. IEEE Access, 2020, 8: 69230-69243. 基于区块链的农业食品供应链:完整的解决方案
  11. Powell W, Foth M, Cao S, et al. Garbage in garbage out: The precarious link between IoT and blockchain in food supply chains. Journal of Industrial Information Integration, 2022, 25: 100261. 食品供应链中物联网和区块链之间的不稳定联系

智慧城市

  1. Malik R, Janowska A A, Ciupa K. Culture Powered by Blockchain in Smart Cities//Managing Smart Cities. Springer, Cham, 2022: 231-247. 智慧城市中的区块链文化
  2. Singh S, Sharma P K, Yoon B, et al. Convergence of blockchain and artificial intelligence in IoT network for the sustainable smart city. Sustainable Cities and Society, 2020, 63: 102364. IoT网络中区块链与人工智能的融合,实现可持续的智慧城市
  3. Nam K, Dutt C S, Chathoth P, et al. Blockchain technology for smart city and smart tourism: latest trends and challenges. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 2021, 26(4): 454-468. 智慧城市和智慧旅游区块链技术:最新趋势和挑战
  4. Esposito C, Ficco M, Gupta B B. Blockchain-based authentication and authorization for smart city applications. Information Processing & Management, 2021, 58(2): 102468. 基于区块链的智慧城市应用认证与授权
  5. Liu Z, Chi Z, Osmani M, et al. Blockchain and building information management (BIM) for sustainable building development within the context of smart cities. Sustainability, 2021, 13(4): 2090. 区块链和建筑信息管理(BIM)在智慧城市背景下的可持续建筑发展
  6. Treiblmaier H, Rejeb A, Strebinger A. Blockchain as a driver for smart city development: application fields and a comprehensive research agenda. Smart Cities, 2020, 3(3): 853-872. 区块链作为智慧城市发展的驱动力:应用领域和综合研究议程
  7. Aujla G S, Singh M, Bose A, et al. Blocksdn: Blockchain-as-a-service for software defined networking in smart city applications. IEEE Network, 2020, 34(2): 83-91. Blocksdn:区块链即服务,用于智能城市应用中的软件定义网络
  8. Cha J, Singh S K, Kim T W, et al. Blockchain-empowered cloud architecture based on secret sharing for smart city. Journal of Information Security and Applications, 2021, 57: 102686. 基于区块链的智慧城市秘密共享云架构
  9. Lin X, Wu J, Mumtaz S, et al. Blockchain-based on-demand computing resource trading in IoV-assisted smart city. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing, 2020, 9(3): 1373-1385. 基于区块链的物联网辅助智能城市按需计算资源交易
  10. Zhang W, Wu Z, Han G, et al. Ldc: A lightweight dada consensus algorithm based on the blockchain for the industrial internet of things for smart city applications. Future Generation Computer Systems, 2020, 108: 574-582. Ldc:一种基于区块链的轻量级数据共识算法,用于工业物联网智能城市应用

主流行业平台

京东智臻链

● 官网 https://blockchain.jd.com/
● 【京东智臻链自主创新与应用实践】平台介绍https://syobserve.com/ppt/down/84 。智臻链为企业和开发者提供全方位、全生命周期的一站式区块链解决方案。
● 【2020 京东区块链技术实践白皮书】224页PDF,https://1cn9a51rqjf725dws347pvfp-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/2020%E4%BA%AC%E4%B8%9C%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BE%E6%8A%80%E6%9C%AF%E5%AE%9E%E8%B7%B5%E7%99%BD%E7%9A%AE%E4%B9%A6.pdf

蚂蚁链

● 官网:https://antchain.antgroup.com/
● 蚂蚁链坚持核心技术突破,融合包括区块链、AIOT、智能风控等技术,通过链接各个产业网络,扎实解决行业实际问题,推动区块链技术平民化。
● 【区块链——蚂蚁链亮相,开启区块链商用新纪元】,蚂蚁链发展史、现状,https://pdf.dfcfw.com/pdf/H3_AP202008051396517347_1.pdf?1596637180000.pdf
● 【区块链 百链争锋,蚂蚁链优势与挑战何在?】,蚂蚁链竞争、挑战,https://pdf.dfcfw.com/pdf/H3_AP202010291424687684_1.pdf?1604065235000.pdf
● 【蚂蚁链落地场景与客户案例精选】,https://gw.alipayobjects.com/os/bmw-prod/22c09247-b5e5-466b-8b83-32e919aad970.pdf
● 【蚂蚁链 政务应用 白皮书】,https://gw.alipayobjects.com/os/bmw-prod/f3d7600b-5d5d-4c83-b7f3-7e5ee23b574e.pdf

腾讯区块链

● 官网:https://trustsql.qq.com/
● 致力于打造数字经济时代信任基石,以自主可控的区块链基础设施, 基于场景,提供性能领先、灵活高效、快速接入、合规安全的企业级区块链解决方案。
● 【腾讯云区块链TBaaS 产品白皮书】,https://main.qcloudimg.com/raw/565be73decf6badd55779613908a3319/%E8%85%BE%E8%AE%AF%E4%BA%91%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BETBaaS%E4%BA%A7%E5%93%81%E7%99%BD%E7%9A%AE%E4%B9%A6.pdf
● 【2019腾讯区块链白皮书】,https://main.qcloudimg.com/raw/55e6cfc4bf7df0e1a2f349204dbbcc32/2019%E8%85%BE%E8%AE%AF-%E5%8C%BA%E5%9D%97%E9%93%BE%E7%99%BD%E7%9A%AE%E4%B9%A6.pdf

百度超级链

● 官网:https://xuper.baidu.com/
● 超级链是百度现已开源、自主研发的区块链底层技术,拥有链内并行技术、可插拔共识机制、一体化智能合约等多项国际领先技术,具备全球化部署能力。
● 【区块链解决方案】,https://bce.bdstatic.com/portal/img/solution/blockchain/blockchain-manual_0e539947.pdf
● 【百度区块链⽩⽪书V1.0 分析解读】,http://xqdoc.imedao.com/16620150189d93fded2b4ed6.pdf
● 【区块链数字版权应用白皮书】,http://pg.jrj.com.cn/acc/Res/CN_RES/INDUS/2019/12/31/ce93eed0-6894-49a8-a7c9-eed4ae82566a.pdf

平安壹账链

● 官网:https://fimax.ocft.com/#/
● 壹账链BaaS平台(Blockchain as a Service)是一种帮助用户创建、管理和维护企业级区块链网络及应用的服务平台。它能够提供生产级的运行管理,通过可视化的界面实现区块链网络的快速构建、动态扩容、链码管理、运行监控等功能。对于已完成自有区块链部署的用户,平台可支持多元异构的数据对接,如fabric、以太坊等,加强对上层产业应用的信息支撑,并可为企业客户提供私有化部署服务。
● 【平安核心科技(二):平安区块链(壹账链)】,https://q.stock.sohu.com/newpdf/201833534683.pdf
● 【平安金融服务生态圈:金融壹账通】,https://group.pingan.com/resource/pingan/IR-Docs/2018/pingan-investorday18-healthcare-ecosystem.pdf

华为云区块链

● 官网:https://www.huaweicloud.com/product/bcs.html
● 华为云区块链聚焦构建安全、可靠的区块链基础设施,让企业、政府快速、高效的搭建区块链网络及行业应用,实现资金流、物流、信息流的可信快速流动,高效可信协同,助力降低协作成本,提升效率。
● 【华为区块链白皮书 2021】,https://res-static.hc-cdn.cn/cloudbu-site/china/zh-cn/BCS/BCS2.0.pdf
● 【华为云技术私享会——华为云区块链:助力企业区块链创新】,https://itdks.su.bcebos.com/588dff1a29a94f4d941e9dcf90a92ca8.pdf

国家科技项目

  1. “区块链”重点专项2021年度项目,国家重点研发计划,http://kxjst.jiangsu.gov.cn/module/download/downfile.jsp?classid=0&filename=2ecd4e80cd7e4d45b76a08de801ddeb2.pdf
  2. 2020年度广东省重点领域研发计划“区块链与金融科技”重点专项,http://gdstc.gd.gov.cn/pro/tzgg/content/post_2911402.html

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