神经网络(Neural Networks)是世界上三个最古老的神经建模学会的档案期刊:国际神经网络学会(INNS)、欧洲神经网络学会(ENNS)和日本神经网络学会(JNNS)。神经网络提供了一个论坛,以发展和培育一个国际社会的学者和实践者感兴趣的所有方面的神经网络和相关方法的计算智能。神经网络欢迎高质量论文的提交,有助于全面的神经网络研究,从行为和大脑建模,学习算法,通过数学和计算分析,系统的工程和技术应用,大量使用神经网络的概念和技术。这一独特而广泛的范围促进了生物和技术研究之间的思想交流,并有助于促进对生物启发的计算智能感兴趣的跨学科社区的发展。因此,神经网络编委会代表的专家领域包括心理学,神经生物学,计算机科学,工程,数学,物理。该杂志发表文章、信件和评论以及给编辑的信件、社论、时事、软件调查和专利信息。文章发表在五个部分之一:认知科学,神经科学,学习系统,数学和计算分析、工程和应用。 官网地址:http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/nn/

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The drug discovery and development process is a long and expensive one, costing over 1 billion USD on average per drug and taking 10-15 years. To reduce the high levels of attrition throughout the process, there has been a growing interest in applying machine learning methodologies to various stages of drug discovery process in the recent decade, including at the earliest stage - identification of druggable disease genes. In this paper, we have developed a new tensor factorisation model to predict potential drug targets (i.e.,genes or proteins) for diseases. We created a three dimensional tensor which consists of 1,048 targets, 860 diseases and 230,011 evidence attributes and clinical outcomes connecting them, using data extracted from the Open Targets and PharmaProjects databases. We enriched the data with gene representations learned from a drug discovery-oriented knowledge graph and applied our proposed method to predict the clinical outcomes for unseen target and dis-ease pairs. We designed three evaluation strategies to measure the prediction performance and benchmarked several commonly used machine learning classifiers together with matrix and tensor factorisation methods. The result shows that incorporating knowledge graph embeddings significantly improves the prediction accuracy and that training tensor factorisation alongside a dense neural network outperforms other methods. In summary, our framework combines two actively studied machine learning approaches to disease target identification, tensor factorisation and knowledge graph representation learning, which could be a promising avenue for further exploration in data-driven drug discovery.

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