在数学优化,统计学,计量经济学,决策理论,机器学习和计算神经科学中,代价函数,又叫损失函数或成本函数,它是将一个或多个变量的事件阈值映射到直观地表示与该事件。 一个优化问题试图最小化损失函数。 目标函数是损失函数或其负值,在这种情况下它将被最大化。

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As automatic speaker verification (ASV) systems are vulnerable to spoofing attacks, they are typically used in conjunction with spoofing countermeasure (CM) systems to improve security. For example, the CM can first determine whether the input is human speech, then the ASV can determine whether this speech matches the speaker's identity. The performance of such a tandem system can be measured with a tandem detection cost function (t-DCF). However, ASV and CM systems are usually trained separately, using different metrics and data, which does not optimize their combined performance. In this work, we propose to optimize the tandem system directly by creating a differentiable version of t-DCF and employing techniques from reinforcement learning. The results indicate that these approaches offer better outcomes than finetuning, with our method providing a 20% relative improvement in the t-DCF in the ASVSpoof19 dataset in a constrained setting.

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As automatic speaker verification (ASV) systems are vulnerable to spoofing attacks, they are typically used in conjunction with spoofing countermeasure (CM) systems to improve security. For example, the CM can first determine whether the input is human speech, then the ASV can determine whether this speech matches the speaker's identity. The performance of such a tandem system can be measured with a tandem detection cost function (t-DCF). However, ASV and CM systems are usually trained separately, using different metrics and data, which does not optimize their combined performance. In this work, we propose to optimize the tandem system directly by creating a differentiable version of t-DCF and employing techniques from reinforcement learning. The results indicate that these approaches offer better outcomes than finetuning, with our method providing a 20% relative improvement in the t-DCF in the ASVSpoof19 dataset in a constrained setting.

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