信息系统(IS)是支持数据密集型应用程序的软件和硬件系统。《信息系统》杂志发表了有关信息系统的语言、数据模型、过程模型、算法、软件和硬件的设计和实现的文章。主题领域包括如ACM SIGMOD / PODS,VLDB,ICDE和ICDT / EDBT,以及来自数据挖掘/机器学习,与结构化数据协调的信息检索,互联网领域的数据相关问题以及云数据管理、业务流程管理、Web语义、视听信息系统、科学计算和数据科学。官网地址:http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/is/

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Precision, validity, reliability, timeliness, availability, and granularity are the desired characteristics for data and information systems. However due to the desired trait of data mutability, information systems have inherently lacked the ability to enforce data integrity without governance. A resolution to this challenge has emerged in the shape of blockchain architecture, which ensures immutability of stored information, whilst remaining in an online state. Blockchain technology achieves this through the serial attachment of set-sized parcels of data called blocks. Links (liken to a chain) between these blocks are implemented using a cryptographic seal created using mathematical functions on the data inside the blocks. Practical implementations of blockchain vary by different components, concepts, and terminologies. Researchers proposed various architectural models using different layers to implement blockchain technologies. In this paper, we investigated those layered architectures for different use cases. We identified essential layers and components for a generalised blockchain architecture. We present a novel three-tiered storage model for the purpose of logically defining and categorising blockchain as a storage technology. We envision that this generalised model will be used as a guide when referencing and building any blockchain storage solution.

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Precision, validity, reliability, timeliness, availability, and granularity are the desired characteristics for data and information systems. However due to the desired trait of data mutability, information systems have inherently lacked the ability to enforce data integrity without governance. A resolution to this challenge has emerged in the shape of blockchain architecture, which ensures immutability of stored information, whilst remaining in an online state. Blockchain technology achieves this through the serial attachment of set-sized parcels of data called blocks. Links (liken to a chain) between these blocks are implemented using a cryptographic seal created using mathematical functions on the data inside the blocks. Practical implementations of blockchain vary by different components, concepts, and terminologies. Researchers proposed various architectural models using different layers to implement blockchain technologies. In this paper, we investigated those layered architectures for different use cases. We identified essential layers and components for a generalised blockchain architecture. We present a novel three-tiered storage model for the purpose of logically defining and categorising blockchain as a storage technology. We envision that this generalised model will be used as a guide when referencing and building any blockchain storage solution.

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