深度前馈网络(deep feedforward network),也叫做前馈神经网络(feedforward neural network)或者多层感知机(multilayer perceptron, MLP),是典型的深度学习模型。前馈网络的目标是近似某个函数 f^∗ 。例如,对于分类器,y = f^∗ (x)将输入x映射到一个类别y。前馈网络定义了一个映射y = f (x; θ),并且学习参数θ的值使它能够得到最佳的函数近似。

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Differential equations play a pivotal role in modern world ranging from science, engineering, ecology, economics and finance where these can be used to model many physical systems and processes. In this paper, we study two mathematical models of a drug assimilation in the human system using Physics Informed Neural Networks (PINNs). In the first model, we consider the case of single dose of drug in the human system and in the second case, we consider the course of this drug taken at regular intervals. We have used the compartment diagram to model these cases. The resulting differential equations are solved using PINN, where we employ a feed forward multilayer perceptron as function approximator and the network parameters are tuned for minimum error. Further, the network is trained by finding the gradient of the error function with respect to the network parameters. We have employed DeepXDE, a python library for PINNs, to solve the simultaneous first order differential equations describing the two models of drug assimilation. The results show high degree of accuracy between the exact solution and the predicted solution as much as the resulting error reaches10^(-11) for the first model and 10^(-8) for the second model. This validates the use of PINN in solving any dynamical system.

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Differential equations play a pivotal role in modern world ranging from science, engineering, ecology, economics and finance where these can be used to model many physical systems and processes. In this paper, we study two mathematical models of a drug assimilation in the human system using Physics Informed Neural Networks (PINNs). In the first model, we consider the case of single dose of drug in the human system and in the second case, we consider the course of this drug taken at regular intervals. We have used the compartment diagram to model these cases. The resulting differential equations are solved using PINN, where we employ a feed forward multilayer perceptron as function approximator and the network parameters are tuned for minimum error. Further, the network is trained by finding the gradient of the error function with respect to the network parameters. We have employed DeepXDE, a python library for PINNs, to solve the simultaneous first order differential equations describing the two models of drug assimilation. The results show high degree of accuracy between the exact solution and the predicted solution as much as the resulting error reaches10^(-11) for the first model and 10^(-8) for the second model. This validates the use of PINN in solving any dynamical system.

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