软计算(Soft Computing)致力于基于软计算技术的系统解决方案。它提供了软计算技术的重要成果的快速传播,融合了进化算法和遗传规划、神经科学和神经网络系统、模糊集理论和模糊系统、混沌理论和混沌系统的研究。软计算鼓励将软计算技术和工具集成到日常和高级应用程序中。通过将软计算的思想和技术与其他学科联系起来。因此,该杂志是一个所有科学家和工程师在这个快速增长的领域从事研究和发展的国际论坛。 官网地址:http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/soco/

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The method of Hol\'y, Sokol and \v{C}ern\'y (Applied Soft Computing, 2017, Vol. 60, p. 752-762) clusters objects based on their incidence in a large number of given sets. The idea is to minimize the occurrence of multiple objects from the same cluster in the same set. In the current paper, we study computational aspects of the method. First, we prove that the problem of finding the optimal clustering is NP-hard. Second, to numerically find a suitable clustering, we propose to use the genetic algorithm augmented by a renumbering procedure, a fast task-specific local search heuristic and an initial solution based on a simplified model. Third, in a simulation study, we demonstrate that our improvements of the standard genetic algorithm significantly enhance its computational performance.

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Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (FCMs) are considered a soft computing technique combining elements of fuzzy logic and recurrent neural networks. They found multiple application in such domains as modeling of system behavior, prediction of time series, decision making and process control. Less attention, however, has been turned towards using them in pattern classification. In this work we propose an FCM based classifier with a fully connected map structure. In contrast to methods that expect reaching a steady system state during reasoning, we chose to execute a few FCM iterations (steps) before collecting output labels. Weights were learned with a gradient algorithm and logloss or cross-entropy were used as the cost function. Our primary goal was to verify, whether such design would result in a descent general purpose classifier, with performance comparable to off the shelf classical methods. As the preliminary results were promising, we investigated the hypothesis that the performance of $d$-step classifier can be attributed to a fact that in previous $d-1$ steps it transforms the feature space by grouping observations belonging to a given class, so that they became more compact and separable. To verify this hypothesis we calculated three clustering scores for the transformed feature space. We also evaluated performance of pipelines built from FCM-based data transformer followed by a classification algorithm. The standard statistical analyzes confirmed both the performance of FCM based classifier and its capability to improve data. The supporting prototype software was implemented in Python using TensorFlow library.

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Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (FCMs) are considered a soft computing technique combining elements of fuzzy logic and recurrent neural networks. They found multiple application in such domains as modeling of system behavior, prediction of time series, decision making and process control. Less attention, however, has been turned towards using them in pattern classification. In this work we propose an FCM based classifier with a fully connected map structure. In contrast to methods that expect reaching a steady system state during reasoning, we chose to execute a few FCM iterations (steps) before collecting output labels. Weights were learned with a gradient algorithm and logloss or cross-entropy were used as the cost function. Our primary goal was to verify, whether such design would result in a descent general purpose classifier, with performance comparable to off the shelf classical methods. As the preliminary results were promising, we investigated the hypothesis that the performance of $d$-step classifier can be attributed to a fact that in previous $d-1$ steps it transforms the feature space by grouping observations belonging to a given class, so that they became more compact and separable. To verify this hypothesis we calculated three clustering scores for the transformed feature space. We also evaluated performance of pipelines built from FCM-based data transformer followed by a classification algorithm. The standard statistical analyzes confirmed both the performance of FCM based classifier and its capability to improve data. The supporting prototype software was implemented in Python using TensorFlow library.

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