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该文提出一种简单而有效的方法,无需任何tricks,它可以将标准ResNet50的Top1精度提升到80%+。该方法是基于作者之前MEAL(通过判别方式进行知识蒸馏集成)改进而来,作者对MEAL进行了以下两点改进:

(1) 仅在最后的输出部分使用相似性损失与判别损失;

(2) 采用所有老师模型的平均概率作为更强的监督信息进行蒸馏。

该文提到一个非常重要的发现:在蒸馏阶段不应当使用one-hot方式的标签编码。这样一种简单的方案可以取得SOTA性能,且并未用到以下几种常见涨点tricks:(1)类似ResNet50-D的架构改进;(2)额外训练数据;(3) AutoAug、RandAug等;(4)cosine学习率机制;(5)mixup/cutmix数据增广策略;(6) 标签平滑。

在ImageNet数据集上,本文所提方法取得了80.67%的Top1精度(single crop@224),以极大的优势超越其他同架构方案。该方法可以视作采用知识蒸馏对ResNet50涨点的一个新的基准,该文可谓首个在不改变网路架构、无需额外训练数据的前提下将ResNet提升到超过80%Top1精度的方法。

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Although high-performance deep neural networks are in high demand in edge environments, computation resources are strictly limited in edge devices, and light-weight neural network techniques, such as Depthwise Separable Convolution (DSC), have been developed. ResNet is one of conventional deep neural network models that stack a lot of layers and parameters for a higher accuracy. To reduce the parameter size of ResNet, by utilizing a similarity to ODE (Ordinary Differential Equation), Neural ODE repeatedly uses most of weight parameters instead of having a lot of different parameters. Thus, Neural ODE becomes significantly small compared to that of ResNet so that it can be implemented in resource-limited edge devices. In this paper, a combination of Neural ODE and DSC, called dsODENet, is designed and implemented for FPGAs (Field-Programmable Gate Arrays). dsODENet is then applied to edge domain adaptation as a practical use case and evaluated with image classification datasets. It is implemented on Xilinx ZCU104 board and evaluated in terms of domain adaptation accuracy, training speed, FPGA resource utilization, and speedup rate compared to a software execution. The results demonstrate that dsODENet is comparable to or slightly better than our baseline Neural ODE implementation in terms of domain adaptation accuracy, while the total parameter size without pre- and post-processing layers is reduced by 54.2% to 79.8%. The FPGA implementation accelerates the prediction tasks by 27.9 times faster than a software implementation.

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