统计方法是指有关收集、整理、分析和解释统计数据,并对其所反映的问题作出一定结论的方法。统计方法是一种从微观结构上来研究物质的宏观性质及其规律的独特的方法。

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这本书没有假设读者在统计方面有任何预先训练,这本书的第一部分描述了基本的统计原理,从一个观点,使他们的缺点直观和容易理解。重点是用语言和图形来描述概念。第二部分描述了解决第一部分所涵盖问题的现代方法。使用来自实际研究的数据,包括许多例子来说明传统程序的实际问题,以及更多的现代方法如何能对统计研究的许多领域中得出的结论产生实质性的影响。

这本书的第二版包括了自从第一版出现以来发生的一些进展和见解。包括与中位数相关的新结果,回归,关联的测量,比较依赖组的策略,处理异方差的方法,以及效应量的测量。

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The emergence and progression of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) over time often form a dynamic network that depends on patient's modifiable risk factors and their interaction with non-modifiable risk factors and existing conditions. Continuous time Bayesian networks (CTBNs) are effective methods for modeling the complex network of MCC relationships over time. However, CTBNs are not able to effectively formulate the dynamic impact of patient's modifiable risk factors on the emergence and progression of MCC. Considering a functional CTBN (FCTBN) to represent the underlying structure of the MCC relationships with respect to individuals' risk factors and existing conditions, we propose a nonlinear state-space model based on Extended Kalman filter (EKF) to capture the dynamics of the patients' modifiable risk factors and existing conditions on the MCC evolution over time. We also develop a tensor control chart to dynamically monitor the effect of changes in the modifiable risk factors of individual patients on the risk of new chronic conditions emergence. We validate the proposed approach based on a combination of simulation and real data from a dataset of 385 patients from Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC) over multiple years. The dataset examines the emergence of 5 chronic conditions (Diabetes, Obesity, Cognitive Impairment, Hyperlipidemia, and Hypertension) based on 4 modifiable risk factors representing lifestyle behaviors (Diet, Exercise, Smoking Habit, and Drinking Habit) and 3 non-modifiable risk factors, including demographic information (Age, Gender, Education). The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology for dynamic prediction and monitoring of the risk of MCC emergence in individual patients.

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The emergence and progression of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) over time often form a dynamic network that depends on patient's modifiable risk factors and their interaction with non-modifiable risk factors and existing conditions. Continuous time Bayesian networks (CTBNs) are effective methods for modeling the complex network of MCC relationships over time. However, CTBNs are not able to effectively formulate the dynamic impact of patient's modifiable risk factors on the emergence and progression of MCC. Considering a functional CTBN (FCTBN) to represent the underlying structure of the MCC relationships with respect to individuals' risk factors and existing conditions, we propose a nonlinear state-space model based on Extended Kalman filter (EKF) to capture the dynamics of the patients' modifiable risk factors and existing conditions on the MCC evolution over time. We also develop a tensor control chart to dynamically monitor the effect of changes in the modifiable risk factors of individual patients on the risk of new chronic conditions emergence. We validate the proposed approach based on a combination of simulation and real data from a dataset of 385 patients from Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC) over multiple years. The dataset examines the emergence of 5 chronic conditions (Diabetes, Obesity, Cognitive Impairment, Hyperlipidemia, and Hypertension) based on 4 modifiable risk factors representing lifestyle behaviors (Diet, Exercise, Smoking Habit, and Drinking Habit) and 3 non-modifiable risk factors, including demographic information (Age, Gender, Education). The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology for dynamic prediction and monitoring of the risk of MCC emergence in individual patients.

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