自然计算(Natural Computing)是指在自然中观察到的计算过程,以及受自然启发而设计的人类计算。当我们从计算过程的角度分析复杂的自然现象时,我们对自然和计算本质的理解都得到了增强。灵感来自自然的人工设计计算的特点是隐喻性地使用自然系统下的概念、原理和机制。自然计算包括进化算法、神经网络、分子计算和量子计算。 官网地址:http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/nc/

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We study efficient algorithms for Sparse PCA in standard statistical models (spiked covariance in its Wishart form). Our goal is to achieve optimal recovery guarantees while being resilient to small perturbations. Despite a long history of prior works, including explicit studies of perturbation resilience, the best known algorithmic guarantees for Sparse PCA are fragile and break down under small adversarial perturbations. We observe a basic connection between perturbation resilience and \emph{certifying algorithms} that are based on certificates of upper bounds on sparse eigenvalues of random matrices. In contrast to other techniques, such certifying algorithms, including the brute-force maximum likelihood estimator, are automatically robust against small adversarial perturbation. We use this connection to obtain the first polynomial-time algorithms for this problem that are resilient against additive adversarial perturbations by obtaining new efficient certificates for upper bounds on sparse eigenvalues of random matrices. Our algorithms are based either on basic semidefinite programming or on its low-degree sum-of-squares strengthening depending on the parameter regimes. Their guarantees either match or approach the best known guarantees of \emph{fragile} algorithms in terms of sparsity of the unknown vector, number of samples and the ambient dimension. To complement our algorithmic results, we prove rigorous lower bounds matching the gap between fragile and robust polynomial-time algorithms in a natural computational model based on low-degree polynomials (closely related to the pseudo-calibration technique for sum-of-squares lower bounds) that is known to capture the best known guarantees for related statistical estimation problems. The combination of these results provides formal evidence of an inherent price to pay to achieve robustness.

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Multi-robot task allocation is one of the most fundamental classes of problems in robotics and is crucial for various real-world robotic applications such as search, rescue and area exploration. We consider the Single-Task robots and Multi-Robot tasks Instantaneous Assignment (ST-MR-IA) setting where each task requires at least a certain number of robots and each robot can work on at most one task and incurs an operational cost for each task. Our aim is to consider a natural computational problem of allocating robots to complete the maximum number of tasks subject to budget constraints. We consider budget constraints of three different kinds: (1) total budget, (2) task budget, and (3) robot budget. We provide a detailed complexity analysis including results on approximations as well as polynomial-time algorithms for the general setting and important restricted settings.

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Multi-robot task allocation is one of the most fundamental classes of problems in robotics and is crucial for various real-world robotic applications such as search, rescue and area exploration. We consider the Single-Task robots and Multi-Robot tasks Instantaneous Assignment (ST-MR-IA) setting where each task requires at least a certain number of robots and each robot can work on at most one task and incurs an operational cost for each task. Our aim is to consider a natural computational problem of allocating robots to complete the maximum number of tasks subject to budget constraints. We consider budget constraints of three different kinds: (1) total budget, (2) task budget, and (3) robot budget. We provide a detailed complexity analysis including results on approximations as well as polynomial-time algorithms for the general setting and important restricted settings.

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