《工程》是中国工程院(CAE)于2015年推出的国际开放存取期刊。其目的是提供一个高水平的平台,传播和分享工程研发的前沿进展、当前主要研究成果和关键成果;报告工程科学的进展,讨论工程发展的热点、兴趣领域、挑战和前景,在工程中考虑人与环境的福祉和伦理道德,鼓励具有深远经济和社会意义的工程突破和创新,使之达到国际先进水平,成为新的生产力,从而改变世界,造福人类,创造新的未来。 期刊链接:https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/engineering

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With the advances in 5G and IoT devices, the industries are vastly adopting artificial intelligence (AI) techniques for improving classification and prediction-based services. However, the use of AI also raises concerns regarding data privacy and security that can be misused or leaked. Private AI was recently coined to address the data security issue by combining AI with encryption techniques but existing studies have shown that model inversion attacks can be used to reverse engineer the images from model parameters. In this regard, we propose a federated learning and encryption-based private (FLEP) AI framework that provides two-tier security for data and model parameters in an IIoT environment. We proposed a three-layer encryption method for data security and provided a hypothetical method to secure the model parameters. Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves better encryption quality at the expense of slightly increased execution time. We also highlighted several open issues and challenges regarding the FLEP AI framework's realization.

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