《计算机信息》杂志发表高质量的论文,扩大了运筹学和计算的范围,寻求有关理论、方法、实验、系统和应用方面的原创研究论文、新颖的调查和教程论文,以及描述新的和有用的软件工具的论文。官网链接:https://pubsonline.informs.org/journal/ijoc

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Lots of learning tasks require dealing with graph data which contains rich relation information among elements. Modeling physics system, learning molecular fingerprints, predicting protein interface, and classifying diseases require that a model to learn from graph inputs. In other domains such as learning from non-structural data like texts and images, reasoning on extracted structures, like the dependency tree of sentences and the scene graph of images, is an important research topic which also needs graph reasoning models. Graph neural networks (GNNs) are connectionist models that capture the dependence of graphs via message passing between the nodes of graphs. Unlike standard neural networks, graph neural networks retain a state that can represent information from its neighborhood with an arbitrary depth. Although the primitive graph neural networks have been found difficult to train for a fixed point, recent advances in network architectures, optimization techniques, and parallel computation have enabled successful learning with them. In recent years, systems based on graph convolutional network (GCN) and gated graph neural network (GGNN) have demonstrated ground-breaking performance on many tasks mentioned above. In this survey, we provide a detailed review over existing graph neural network models, systematically categorize the applications, and propose four open problems for future research.

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Anatomical movements of the human body can change the channel state information (CSI) of wireless signals in an indoor environment. These changes in the CSI signals can be used for human activity recognition (HAR), which is a predominant and unique approach due to preserving privacy and flexibility of capturing motions in non-line-of-sight environments. Existing models for HAR generally have a high computational complexity, contain very large number of trainable parameters, and require extensive computational resources. This issue is particularly important for implementation of these solutions on devices with limited resources, such as edge devices. In this paper, we propose a lightweight human activity recognition (LiteHAR) approach which, unlike the state-of-the-art deep learning models, does not require extensive training of large number of parameters. This approach uses randomly initialized convolution kernels for feature extraction from CSI signals without training the kernels. The extracted features are then classified using Ridge regression classifier, which has a linear computational complexity and is very fast. LiteHAR is evaluated on a public benchmark dataset and the results show its high classification performance in comparison with the complex deep learning models with a much lower computational complexity.

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Anatomical movements of the human body can change the channel state information (CSI) of wireless signals in an indoor environment. These changes in the CSI signals can be used for human activity recognition (HAR), which is a predominant and unique approach due to preserving privacy and flexibility of capturing motions in non-line-of-sight environments. Existing models for HAR generally have a high computational complexity, contain very large number of trainable parameters, and require extensive computational resources. This issue is particularly important for implementation of these solutions on devices with limited resources, such as edge devices. In this paper, we propose a lightweight human activity recognition (LiteHAR) approach which, unlike the state-of-the-art deep learning models, does not require extensive training of large number of parameters. This approach uses randomly initialized convolution kernels for feature extraction from CSI signals without training the kernels. The extracted features are then classified using Ridge regression classifier, which has a linear computational complexity and is very fast. LiteHAR is evaluated on a public benchmark dataset and the results show its high classification performance in comparison with the complex deep learning models with a much lower computational complexity.

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