在数学分析中,最大值和最小值统称为极值,函数的最大和最小值,可以在一定范围内(局部或相对极值)或整个域(全局或绝对极值)。

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In this paper, we investigate a cell-free massive MIMO system with both access points and user equipments equipped with multiple antennas over the Weichselberger Rayleigh fading channel. We study the uplink spectral efficiency (SE) based on a two-layer decoding structure with maximum ratio (MR) or local minimum mean-square error (MMSE) combining applied in the first layer and optimal large-scale fading decoding method implemented in the second layer, respectively. To maximize the weighted sum SE, an uplink precoding structure based on an Iteratively Weighted sum-MMSE (I-WMMSE) algorithm using only channel statistics is proposed. Furthermore, with MR combining applied in the first layer, we derive novel achievable SE expressions and optimal precoding structures in closed-form. Numerical results validate our proposed results and show that the I-WMMSE precoding can achieve excellent sum SE performance.

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In this paper, we investigate a cell-free massive MIMO system with both access points and user equipments equipped with multiple antennas over the Weichselberger Rayleigh fading channel. We study the uplink spectral efficiency (SE) based on a two-layer decoding structure with maximum ratio (MR) or local minimum mean-square error (MMSE) combining applied in the first layer and optimal large-scale fading decoding method implemented in the second layer, respectively. To maximize the weighted sum SE, an uplink precoding structure based on an Iteratively Weighted sum-MMSE (I-WMMSE) algorithm using only channel statistics is proposed. Furthermore, with MR combining applied in the first layer, we derive novel achievable SE expressions and optimal precoding structures in closed-form. Numerical results validate our proposed results and show that the I-WMMSE precoding can achieve excellent sum SE performance.

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